Nucleosome dynamics, such as nucleosome sliding and DNA unwrapping, are important for gene regulation in eukaryotic chromatin. H2A.Z, a variant of histone H2A that is highly evolutionarily conserved, participates in gene regulation by forming unstable multipositioned nucleosomes in vivo and in vitro. However, the subsecond dynamics of this unstable nucleosome have not been directly visualized under physiological conditions. Here, we used high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) to directly visualize the subsecond dynamics of human H2A.Z.1-nucleosomes. HS-AFM videos show nucleosome sliding along 4 nm of DNA within 0.3 s in any direction. This sliding was also visualized in an H2A.Z.1 mutant, in which the C-terminal half was replaced by the corresponding canonical H2A amino acids, indicating that the interaction between the N-terminal region of H2A.Z.1 and the DNA is responsible for nucleosome sliding. These results may reveal the relationship between nucleosome dynamics and gene regulation by histone H2A.Z.

High-Speed Atomic Force Microscopy Reveals Spontaneous Nucleosome Sliding of H2A.Z at the Subsecond Time Scale

Puppulin, Leonardo;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Nucleosome dynamics, such as nucleosome sliding and DNA unwrapping, are important for gene regulation in eukaryotic chromatin. H2A.Z, a variant of histone H2A that is highly evolutionarily conserved, participates in gene regulation by forming unstable multipositioned nucleosomes in vivo and in vitro. However, the subsecond dynamics of this unstable nucleosome have not been directly visualized under physiological conditions. Here, we used high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) to directly visualize the subsecond dynamics of human H2A.Z.1-nucleosomes. HS-AFM videos show nucleosome sliding along 4 nm of DNA within 0.3 s in any direction. This sliding was also visualized in an H2A.Z.1 mutant, in which the C-terminal half was replaced by the corresponding canonical H2A amino acids, indicating that the interaction between the N-terminal region of H2A.Z.1 and the DNA is responsible for nucleosome sliding. These results may reveal the relationship between nucleosome dynamics and gene regulation by histone H2A.Z.
2023
23
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5018770
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