The bio-based production of added-value products and energy from waste streams while minimizing environmental impacts is a crucial aspect within the circular economy's principles. A two-phases anaerobic digestion process to produce volatile fatty acids (VFA) and biogas production in an energetically feasible manner from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) has been investigated. Mesophilic temperature (T) coupled to 5.0 days as hydraulic retention time (HRT) gave a VFA-rich stream with an overall concentration of 24.4 ± 0.2 g CODVFA/L, dominated by propionic and valeric acids, and high acidification yield, being VFA close to 90% of the soluble COD. The pH was maintained around 7.0 by the digestate recirculation from the second methanation reactor (HRT of 20 days) where biogas production was quantified under mesophilic and thermophilic T. The assessment of energy balance showed the benefits to carry out the second methanation stage under thermophilic condition, having more income from electricity generation without losing the thermal sustainability of the two-phases process as a whole.

Enhancing volatile fatty acids (VFA) production from food waste in a two-phases pilot-scale anaerobic digestion process

Valentino F.
;
Biasiolo M.;Cavinato C.;Bolzonella D.;Pavan P.
2021

Abstract

The bio-based production of added-value products and energy from waste streams while minimizing environmental impacts is a crucial aspect within the circular economy's principles. A two-phases anaerobic digestion process to produce volatile fatty acids (VFA) and biogas production in an energetically feasible manner from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) has been investigated. Mesophilic temperature (T) coupled to 5.0 days as hydraulic retention time (HRT) gave a VFA-rich stream with an overall concentration of 24.4 ± 0.2 g CODVFA/L, dominated by propionic and valeric acids, and high acidification yield, being VFA close to 90% of the soluble COD. The pH was maintained around 7.0 by the digestate recirculation from the second methanation reactor (HRT of 20 days) where biogas production was quantified under mesophilic and thermophilic T. The assessment of energy balance showed the benefits to carry out the second methanation stage under thermophilic condition, having more income from electricity generation without losing the thermal sustainability of the two-phases process as a whole.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3742117
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