Oxidized organic aerosol (OOA) is a major component of ambient particulate matter, substantially affecting both climate and human health. A considerable body of evidence has established that OOA is readily produced in the presence of daylight, thus leading to the association of high concentrations of OOA in the summer or mid-afternoon. However, this current mechanistic understanding fails to explain elevated OOA concentrations during night or wintertime periods of low photochemical activity, thus leading atmospheric models to under predict OOA concentrations by a factor of 3-5. By combining laboratory smog chamber experiments and ambient observations to inform a chemical-transport model, we present strong evidence that night-time oxidation of residential biomass burning plumes (proceeding through reactions with O3 and the NO3 radical) is an important source of OOA. Here we show that fresh emissions from biomass burning rapidly form OOA in the laboratory over a few hours and without any sunlight. The resulting OOA chemical composition is consistent with the observed OOA in field studies in major urban areas. To estimate the contribution of nocturnally aged OOA in the ambient atmosphere, we incorporate this nighttime-aging mechanism into a chemical-transport model and find that over much of the United States greater than 75% of the OOA formed from fresh biomass burning emissions underwent nighttime aging processes. Thus, the conceptual framework that OOA is predominantly formed in the presence of daylight fails to account for a substantial and rapid oxidation process occurring in the dark.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Titolo:||Rapid Nocturnal Aging of Biomass Burning as an Overlooked Source of Oxidized Organic Aerosol|
|Titolo del libro:||Abstract|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.2 Abstract in Atti di convegno|
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