Reading is a complex activity, which combines and exploits different components (visual and perceptive abilities, memory, metacognition, emotional components), evolving and qualitatively changing across development. Research has primarily focused on investigating and teaching-and if necessary re-habilitating-reading skills during development, with a special emphasis on decoding processes and reading aloud. In adulthood, however, reading is generally practiced in the silent mode, with the aim of understanding texts, and these aspects have been devoted little attention, above all in the perspective of improving reading abilities. Given the crucial role of reading for comprehension not only in the academic context but also in everyday life, this gap needs filling. This paper investigates the effects of a training programme, named SuperReading, on the reading and comprehension abilities of adult subjects. The course is focused on silent reading and combines metacognitive training, memorisation techniques, self-empowerment and eye-movement practice to enhance reading effectiveness. After a brief presentation of the course and its crucial components, the paper illustrates a research project, aimed at measuring the effects of the training. It presents and analyses the data gathered on a population of 108 university students, all of them normotypical readers (test group), and compares them with a control group of 88 subjects matched for age and educational level; it then comments on the results, which show significant improvements in the performance of the test group and significant differences with the control group.

Reading and Comprehension in Adulthood: a Training Programme

Scagnelli, Melissa;Santulli, Francesca
2020

Abstract

Reading is a complex activity, which combines and exploits different components (visual and perceptive abilities, memory, metacognition, emotional components), evolving and qualitatively changing across development. Research has primarily focused on investigating and teaching-and if necessary re-habilitating-reading skills during development, with a special emphasis on decoding processes and reading aloud. In adulthood, however, reading is generally practiced in the silent mode, with the aim of understanding texts, and these aspects have been devoted little attention, above all in the perspective of improving reading abilities. Given the crucial role of reading for comprehension not only in the academic context but also in everyday life, this gap needs filling. This paper investigates the effects of a training programme, named SuperReading, on the reading and comprehension abilities of adult subjects. The course is focused on silent reading and combines metacognitive training, memorisation techniques, self-empowerment and eye-movement practice to enhance reading effectiveness. After a brief presentation of the course and its crucial components, the paper illustrates a research project, aimed at measuring the effects of the training. It presents and analyses the data gathered on a population of 108 university students, all of them normotypical readers (test group), and compares them with a control group of 88 subjects matched for age and educational level; it then comments on the results, which show significant improvements in the performance of the test group and significant differences with the control group.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/3727469
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