In the last twenty years biorefinery has gained exceptional attention in the scientific community. This interest has been prompted by the substitution of petroleum-based compounds with renewable substances with the aim of establishing a bio-based economically self-sustained industry. In this prospect the US Department of Energy (DOE) has published a list of 15 target molecules starting from 300 original candidates, that were considered of special interest for biorefinery development. These compounds have been selected by taking into consideration numerous factors such as available processes, economics, industrial viability, size of markets and their possible employment as a platform for the production of derivatives. Over the years, due to the considerable progress in biorefinery development, this list, as well as, the criteria used to identify bio-based products has been revised. Several new compounds substituted the ones that have not received a great research interest. However, among the original selected chemicals, D-sorbitol, together with 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) derivatives still occupies a top position in the list as they encompass all of the desired criteria for a bio-based platform compounds. In fact, these building blocks have found numerous applications in the synthesis of chemicals, materials and bio-based polymers. In this perspective, it is herein reported our recent work on the reactivity and upgrading of D-sorbitol, isosorbide and HMF with organic carbonates employed as green reagents and solvents. As a result, several industrially appealing products have been achieved with potential applications as high boiling green solvents (i.e. dimethyl isosorbide), biofuels candidates (2,5-bis-alkoxymethylfurans - BAMF) and monomers for bio-polymers .
Fabio Arico (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Titolo:||CARBOHYDRATE UPGRADING VIA DIALKYL CARBONATES|
|Titolo del libro:||47th IUPAC CHEMISTRY CONGRESS|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.2 Abstract in Atti di convegno|
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|Absrtact 2-Carbohydrate upgrading via dialkyl carbonates - abstract.pdf||Abstract 2 - IUPAC 100||Documento in Post-print||Accesso libero (no vincoli)||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|