The interfacial structure in "giant" PbS/CdS quantum dots (QDs) was engineered by modulating the Cd:S molar ratio during in situ growth. The control of the gradient interfacial layer could facilitate hole transfer, regulate the transition from double- to single-color emission, as a consequence. These QDs are optically active close-to-the near-infrared (NIR) spectral region and are candidates as absorber materials in solar energy conversion. Photoinduced charge transfer from "giant" QDs to electron scavenger can still take place despite the ultra-thick (similar to 5 nm) shell. The hybrid architecture based on a TiO2 mesoporous framework sensitized by the "giant" QDs with alloyed interface can produce a saturated photocurrent density as high as similar to 5.3 mA/cm(2) in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell under 1 Sun illumination, which is around 2 times higher than that of bare PbS and core/thin-shell PbS/CdS QDs sensitizer. The as-prepared PEC device presented very good stability thanks to the "giant" core/shell QDs architecture with tailored interfacial layer and a further coating of the ZnS shell. 78% of the initial current density is kept after 2-h irradiation at 1 Sun. Engineering of electronic band structure plays a key role in boosting the functional properties of these composite systems, which hold great potential for H-2 production in PEC devices.
Vomiero, A. (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||Engineering interfacial structure in "Giant" PbS/CdS quantum dots for photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.10.029|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |