Colloidal semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have attracted a great attention for their potential applications in optoelectronic devices, such as water splitting, luminescent solar concentrators, and solar cells, because of their size/shape/composition-dependent optoelectronic properties. However, the fast electron-hole (e-h) recombination and slow charge separation of QDs limit their applications as light absorbers in high-efficiency optoelectronic devices. Here, we synthesized thick-shell CdSe/CdSexS1-x/CdS QDs with pyramidal shape, which exhibit a quantum yield of ~ 15%, with a long radiative lifetime up to ~ 100 ns due to the spatial separation of the e/h wavefunction and significantly broadened light absorption toward the 500–700 nm range, compared to CdSe/CdS unalloyed QDs. As a proof-of-concept, the pyramidal QDs are applied as light absorbers in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system, leading to a saturated photocurrent density of ~ 12 mA/cm2 (with a H2 generation rate of 90 mL cm−2 day−1), which is a record for thick-shell QD-based photoelectrodes in PEC hydrogen generation. Core/thick-shell QDs hold great potential for breakthrough developments in the field of QD-based optoelectronic devices.

Colloidal thick-shell pyramidal quantum dots for efficient hydrogen production

Vomiero, A.
2018

Abstract

Colloidal semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have attracted a great attention for their potential applications in optoelectronic devices, such as water splitting, luminescent solar concentrators, and solar cells, because of their size/shape/composition-dependent optoelectronic properties. However, the fast electron-hole (e-h) recombination and slow charge separation of QDs limit their applications as light absorbers in high-efficiency optoelectronic devices. Here, we synthesized thick-shell CdSe/CdSexS1-x/CdS QDs with pyramidal shape, which exhibit a quantum yield of ~ 15%, with a long radiative lifetime up to ~ 100 ns due to the spatial separation of the e/h wavefunction and significantly broadened light absorption toward the 500–700 nm range, compared to CdSe/CdS unalloyed QDs. As a proof-of-concept, the pyramidal QDs are applied as light absorbers in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system, leading to a saturated photocurrent density of ~ 12 mA/cm2 (with a H2 generation rate of 90 mL cm−2 day−1), which is a record for thick-shell QD-based photoelectrodes in PEC hydrogen generation. Core/thick-shell QDs hold great potential for breakthrough developments in the field of QD-based optoelectronic devices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3711962
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