When dealing with adverse or limiting growth conditions, plants respond by specific-stress mechanisms which are regulated by the phytohormonal network. Salicylic acid (SA) and Jasmonic acid (JA) are hormones involved in plant growth and development, which also take part in plant response towards different kind of stresses. Shikimic acid (SHA) is an important plant intermediate and a key molecule in the biosynthesis of many secondary metabolites implicated in the stress response mechanisms. The Nicotiana genus includes small, well characterized plants, traditionally used as biological models for genetic and physiological studies; the insertion of the rolC gene from Agrobacterium rhizogenes and the rat glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene in Nicotiana plants have been previously investigated, demonstrating interesting results for the production of resistant plants. In this study, a new HPLC-ESI-LTQ Orbitrap method for the simultaneous quantification of SA, JA and SHA in N. Langsdorffii is presented. The method was developed and validated by estimating matrix effect, accuracy, precision and the detection limits. The method, which, to our known, is the first which permit the simultaneous quantification of these three compounds, was then applied to 82 wild and transgenic plants, exposed to chemical, water and heat stresses. The results showed a differential regulation of the phytohormones’ levels in the wild and genetically modified plants, as a clear indication of the activation of stress response processes. A differential induction of the shikimic acid pathway in stressed plants was moreover observed, highlighting the mechanisms the plant behavior against different abiotic stresses.

HPLC-HRMS simultaneous determination of salicylic, shikimicand jasmonicacids in wild and transgenic NicotianaLangsdorffiiplants exposed to abioticstresses

SCALABRIN, ELISA;RADAELLI, Marta;RIZZATO, GIOVANNI;TOSCANO, Giuseppa;CAPODAGLIO, Gabriele
2015-01-01

Abstract

When dealing with adverse or limiting growth conditions, plants respond by specific-stress mechanisms which are regulated by the phytohormonal network. Salicylic acid (SA) and Jasmonic acid (JA) are hormones involved in plant growth and development, which also take part in plant response towards different kind of stresses. Shikimic acid (SHA) is an important plant intermediate and a key molecule in the biosynthesis of many secondary metabolites implicated in the stress response mechanisms. The Nicotiana genus includes small, well characterized plants, traditionally used as biological models for genetic and physiological studies; the insertion of the rolC gene from Agrobacterium rhizogenes and the rat glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene in Nicotiana plants have been previously investigated, demonstrating interesting results for the production of resistant plants. In this study, a new HPLC-ESI-LTQ Orbitrap method for the simultaneous quantification of SA, JA and SHA in N. Langsdorffii is presented. The method was developed and validated by estimating matrix effect, accuracy, precision and the detection limits. The method, which, to our known, is the first which permit the simultaneous quantification of these three compounds, was then applied to 82 wild and transgenic plants, exposed to chemical, water and heat stresses. The results showed a differential regulation of the phytohormones’ levels in the wild and genetically modified plants, as a clear indication of the activation of stress response processes. A differential induction of the shikimic acid pathway in stressed plants was moreover observed, highlighting the mechanisms the plant behavior against different abiotic stresses.
Euroanalysis XVIII
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3672143
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