Several methods have been proposed, using responses of whole organisms. The problem, however, is not only strictly scientific, but also involves cost, resources and time. For example, assay with organisms require expensive testing facilities and long operational times are necessary for toxicity measurements. In order to evaluate potential compound toxicity (acute and sub-chronic), we standardized a bioassay using mitochondria of beef hearth, and their applicability and sensitivity was verified. In respect to other based on mitochondria tests, this bioassay (called FM22) showed unquestionable advantages: i) to freeze mitochondria at -22 °C instead of the classical -80 °C, ii) to perform a very big quantity of biological test using always the same mitochondria pool (avoiding differences from age, sex, or health status depending on different organisms); iii) to identify quickly a tested compounds IC50, easily comparable. FM22 end point is the inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain and this event is quantified by oxygen monitoring. The oxygen consumption was measured by a Clark electrode that was interfaced to a PC to collect test analysis data (1200 in 20 Macro, identifiedmin run). A piecewise regression, through an Excel the break point in the oxygen consumption and calculated the toxicity. Blank tests were carried out to verify the oxygen consumption linear fitting. Toxicity tests were performed using pure/mix organic and inorganic compounds, elutriates from sea- and fresh-water sediment, sewage, dissolved burned compound sub-products. The FM22 test was a good predictor of toxicity for water and soluble samples; the bioassay is easy, low cost and rapid, then usable for routine tests or like a part of a battery of ecotoxicological tests.

FM22 (Frozen Mitochondria bioassay): an animal alternative bioassay for toxicity measures for water soluble samples.

MANENTE, Sabrina;DE PIERI, SILVIA;MINELLO, FABIOLA;SPERNI, Laura;RAVAGNAN, Giampietro;BRAGADIN, Marcantonio
2009

Abstract

Several methods have been proposed, using responses of whole organisms. The problem, however, is not only strictly scientific, but also involves cost, resources and time. For example, assay with organisms require expensive testing facilities and long operational times are necessary for toxicity measurements. In order to evaluate potential compound toxicity (acute and sub-chronic), we standardized a bioassay using mitochondria of beef hearth, and their applicability and sensitivity was verified. In respect to other based on mitochondria tests, this bioassay (called FM22) showed unquestionable advantages: i) to freeze mitochondria at -22 °C instead of the classical -80 °C, ii) to perform a very big quantity of biological test using always the same mitochondria pool (avoiding differences from age, sex, or health status depending on different organisms); iii) to identify quickly a tested compounds IC50, easily comparable. FM22 end point is the inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain and this event is quantified by oxygen monitoring. The oxygen consumption was measured by a Clark electrode that was interfaced to a PC to collect test analysis data (1200 in 20 Macro, identifiedmin run). A piecewise regression, through an Excel the break point in the oxygen consumption and calculated the toxicity. Blank tests were carried out to verify the oxygen consumption linear fitting. Toxicity tests were performed using pure/mix organic and inorganic compounds, elutriates from sea- and fresh-water sediment, sewage, dissolved burned compound sub-products. The FM22 test was a good predictor of toxicity for water and soluble samples; the bioassay is easy, low cost and rapid, then usable for routine tests or like a part of a battery of ecotoxicological tests.
Proceedings of SETAC Europe 19th Annual Meeting “Protecting ecosystem health: facing the challenge of a globally changing environment”
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/35820
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