Multivariate statistical analyses were applied to measurements of atmospheric deposition of total particulate (TSP), inorganic elements (Al, Ca, Na, K, Mg, Si, Mn, Fe, Zn, Ni, Cr, Cu, Pb, Cd, As, Hg, Vand S) and organic compounds (PAH, PCB, HCB and PCDD/F) collected in four stations, all located in the Lagoon of Venice. Aerosols at the scale of the basin (i.e., within a distance of 20 km) were mainly characterised by two end-members, one natural (composed of mineral particulate and marine spray) and one anthropogenic (with at least two different source components), affecting the sites in various ways. Variability at the two distant (>20 km) sites (Valle Doga`, Valle Figheri) was mainly due to natural components, whereas the other two stations (city of Venice, Dogaletto, ¨5 km) were mainly impacted by industrial (and urban) sources. Total annual inputs were compared with the limits recently set by law (maximum allowed discharge=MAD). In the year of study, MAD values were exceeded for total As, Cd, Hg, Pb, dissolved Zn, PAH and PCDD/F. These results indicate that industrial sources gave rise to a quasi-permanent compositional (background) effect near the industrial area. The risk associated with atmospheric deposition should be quantified within the DSPIR framework to avoid future negative consequences in populations living in the vicinity of Porto Marghera.
|Titolo:||Atmospheric bulk deposition to the Lagoon of Venice: Part II, source apportionment analysis near industrial district of Porto Marghera, Italy.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
File in questo prodotto:
|Rampazzo Environment Interational 2005.pdf||Documento in Post-print||Accesso chiuso-personale||Riservato|