We investigate the dependence of the stickiness parameters tij=1/(12τij)—where the τij are the conventional Baxter parameters—on the solute diameters σi and σj in multicomponent sticky hard sphere (SHS) models for fluid mixtures of mesoscopic neutral particles. A variety of simple but realistic interaction potentials, utilized in the literature to model short-ranged attractions present in real solutions of colloids or reverse micelles, is reviewed. We consider: (i) van der Waals attractions, (ii) hard-sphere-depletion forces, (iii) polymer-coated colloids, and (iv) solvation effects (in particular hydrophobic bonding and attractions between reverse micelles of water-in-oil microemulsions). We map each of these potentials onto an equivalent SHS model by requiring the equality of the second virial coefficients. The main finding is that, for most of the potentials considered, the size-dependence of tij(T,σi,σj) can be approximated by essentially the same expression, i.e., a simple polynomial in the variable σiσj/σ2ij, with coefficients depending on the temperature T, or—for depletion interactions—on the packing fraction η0 of the depletant particles.
|Titolo:||Multicomponent adhesive hard sphere models and short-ranged attractive interactions in colloidal or micellar solutions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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