Approximate scattering functions for polydisperse ionic colloidal fluids are obtained by a corresponding-states approach. This assumes that all pair correlation functions gαβ(r) of a polydisperse fluid are conformal to those of an appropriate monodisperse binary fluid (reference system) and can be generated from them by scaling transformations. The correspondence law extends to ionic fluids a scaling approximation (SA) successfully proposed for nonionic colloids in a recent paper. For the primitive model of charged hard spheres in a continuum solvent, the partial structure factors of the monodisperse binary reference system are evaluated by solving the Orstein-Zernike (OZ) integral equations coupled with an approximate closure. The SA is first tested within the mean spherical approximation (MSA) closure, which allows analytical solutions. The results are found in good overall agreement with exact MSA predictions up to relevant polidispersity. The SA is shown to be an improvement over the “decoupling approximation” extended to the ionic case. The simplicity of the SA scheme allows its application also when the OZ equations can be solved only numerically. An example is then given by using the hypernetted chain closure. Shortcomings of the SA approach, its possible use in the analysis of experimental scattering data and other related points are also briefly addressed.

Corresponding-states approach to Small-Angle Scattering from polydisperse ionic colloidal fluids

GAZZILLO, Domenico;GIACOMETTI, Achille;
1999

Abstract

Approximate scattering functions for polydisperse ionic colloidal fluids are obtained by a corresponding-states approach. This assumes that all pair correlation functions gαβ(r) of a polydisperse fluid are conformal to those of an appropriate monodisperse binary fluid (reference system) and can be generated from them by scaling transformations. The correspondence law extends to ionic fluids a scaling approximation (SA) successfully proposed for nonionic colloids in a recent paper. For the primitive model of charged hard spheres in a continuum solvent, the partial structure factors of the monodisperse binary reference system are evaluated by solving the Orstein-Zernike (OZ) integral equations coupled with an approximate closure. The SA is first tested within the mean spherical approximation (MSA) closure, which allows analytical solutions. The results are found in good overall agreement with exact MSA predictions up to relevant polidispersity. The SA is shown to be an improvement over the “decoupling approximation” extended to the ionic case. The simplicity of the SA scheme allows its application also when the OZ equations can be solved only numerically. An example is then given by using the hypernetted chain closure. Shortcomings of the SA approach, its possible use in the analysis of experimental scattering data and other related points are also briefly addressed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/10858
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