Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) plays a pivotal role in synaptic plasticity. It is a dodecameric serine/threonine kinase that has been highly conserved across metazoans for over a million years. Despite the extensive knowledge of the mechanisms underlying CaMKII activation, its behavior at the molecular level has remained unobserved. In this study, we used high-speed atomic force microscopy to visualize the activity-dependent structural dynamics of rat/hydra/C. elegans CaMKII with nanometer resolution. Our imaging results revealed that the dynamic behavior is dependent on CaM binding and subsequent pT286 phosphorylation. Among the species studies, only rat CaMKIIα with pT286/pT305/pT306 exhibited kinase domain oligomerization. Furthermore, we revealed that the sensitivity of CaMKII to PP2A in the three species differs, with rat, C. elegans, and hydra being less dephosphorylated in that order. The evolutionarily acquired features of mammalian CaMKIIα-specific structural arrangement and phosphatase tolerance may differentiate neuronal function between mammals and other species.

Imaging single CaMKII holoenzymes at work by high-speed atomic force microscopy

Puppulin, Leonardo;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) plays a pivotal role in synaptic plasticity. It is a dodecameric serine/threonine kinase that has been highly conserved across metazoans for over a million years. Despite the extensive knowledge of the mechanisms underlying CaMKII activation, its behavior at the molecular level has remained unobserved. In this study, we used high-speed atomic force microscopy to visualize the activity-dependent structural dynamics of rat/hydra/C. elegans CaMKII with nanometer resolution. Our imaging results revealed that the dynamic behavior is dependent on CaM binding and subsequent pT286 phosphorylation. Among the species studies, only rat CaMKIIα with pT286/pT305/pT306 exhibited kinase domain oligomerization. Furthermore, we revealed that the sensitivity of CaMKII to PP2A in the three species differs, with rat, C. elegans, and hydra being less dephosphorylated in that order. The evolutionarily acquired features of mammalian CaMKIIα-specific structural arrangement and phosphatase tolerance may differentiate neuronal function between mammals and other species.
2023
9
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in ARCA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5031960
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact