Cleavage of aromatic ether bonds through hydrogenolysis is one of the most promising routes for depolymerisation and transformation of lignin into value-added chemicals. Herein, we investigate the catalytic transfer hydrogenolysis (CTH) of benzyl phenyl ether (BPE), as a model molecule of alpha-O-4 lignin linkages, over commercial Ru/C under microwave irradiation using 2-propanol as H-donor. By tuning the reaction parameters, such as time, temperature and catalyst amount, BPE was fully converted, at 150 degrees C in 5 min of irradiation, with a related aromatics selectivity of 92%. Phenylethylphenyl ether (PPE), and diphenyl ether (DPE), as a models of beta-O-4 and 4-O-5 linkages, respectively, were also considered to this scope and under optimized reaction conditions, >99% and 72% conversion, respectively, were achieved with >89% aromatics selectivity. Remarkably, catalytic tests with moderate conversions clearly showed that the cleavage of etheric C-O bond was the primary step under CTH conditions, while the hydrogenations of the aromatic rings take place in a subsequent step. Overall, the screening of the reaction parameters was crucial to avoid the hydrogenation of aromatic rings. No less significant was the Ru/C stability, which has been recycled at least six times without any noticeable activity loss.

Microwave-assisted catalytic transfer hydrogenolysis of lignin-derived aromatic ethers over Ru/C

Polidoro, D;Selva, M;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Cleavage of aromatic ether bonds through hydrogenolysis is one of the most promising routes for depolymerisation and transformation of lignin into value-added chemicals. Herein, we investigate the catalytic transfer hydrogenolysis (CTH) of benzyl phenyl ether (BPE), as a model molecule of alpha-O-4 lignin linkages, over commercial Ru/C under microwave irradiation using 2-propanol as H-donor. By tuning the reaction parameters, such as time, temperature and catalyst amount, BPE was fully converted, at 150 degrees C in 5 min of irradiation, with a related aromatics selectivity of 92%. Phenylethylphenyl ether (PPE), and diphenyl ether (DPE), as a models of beta-O-4 and 4-O-5 linkages, respectively, were also considered to this scope and under optimized reaction conditions, >99% and 72% conversion, respectively, were achieved with >89% aromatics selectivity. Remarkably, catalytic tests with moderate conversions clearly showed that the cleavage of etheric C-O bond was the primary step under CTH conditions, while the hydrogenations of the aromatic rings take place in a subsequent step. Overall, the screening of the reaction parameters was crucial to avoid the hydrogenation of aromatic rings. No less significant was the Ru/C stability, which has been recycled at least six times without any noticeable activity loss.
2023
542
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5022621
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