Background Tannins have demonstrated antibacterial and antibiofilm activity, but the mechanisms of action are not completely elucidated. We are interested in understanding how to modulate the antibiofilm activity of tannins and in delineating the relationship between chemical determinants and antibiofilm activity. Materials and methods the effect of five different naturally acquired tannins and their chemical derivatives on biofilm formation and planktonic growth of Salmonella Typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus was determined in the Calgary biofilm device. Results most of the unmodified tannins exhibited specific antibiofilm activity against the assayed bacteria. The chemical modifications were found to alter the antibiofilm activity level and spectrum of the tannins, with the positive charge introducing C3NMe3Cl-0.5 derivatization shifting the anti-biofilm spectrum towards Gram-negative bacteria and C3NMe3Cl-0.1 and the acidifying CH3COOH derivatization shifting the spectrum towards Gram-positive bacteria. Also, the quantity of phenolic-OH groups per molecule has a weak impact on the anti-biofilm activity of the tannins. Conclusions we were able to modulate the antibiofilm activity of several tannins by specific chemical modifications, providing a first approach for fine tuning of their activity and spectrum.

Effect of chemical modifications of tannins on their antibiofilm effect against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria

Crestini, Claudia
Supervision
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background Tannins have demonstrated antibacterial and antibiofilm activity, but the mechanisms of action are not completely elucidated. We are interested in understanding how to modulate the antibiofilm activity of tannins and in delineating the relationship between chemical determinants and antibiofilm activity. Materials and methods the effect of five different naturally acquired tannins and their chemical derivatives on biofilm formation and planktonic growth of Salmonella Typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus was determined in the Calgary biofilm device. Results most of the unmodified tannins exhibited specific antibiofilm activity against the assayed bacteria. The chemical modifications were found to alter the antibiofilm activity level and spectrum of the tannins, with the positive charge introducing C3NMe3Cl-0.5 derivatization shifting the anti-biofilm spectrum towards Gram-negative bacteria and C3NMe3Cl-0.1 and the acidifying CH3COOH derivatization shifting the spectrum towards Gram-positive bacteria. Also, the quantity of phenolic-OH groups per molecule has a weak impact on the anti-biofilm activity of the tannins. Conclusions we were able to modulate the antibiofilm activity of several tannins by specific chemical modifications, providing a first approach for fine tuning of their activity and spectrum.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5012308
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