A main advantage of graphene oxide (GO) over other materials is the high tunability of its surface functional groups and of its electric conductivity. However, the complex chemical composition of GO renders difficult to unravel the correlation between structural and electric properties. Here, we use a combination of electron spectroscopy and electrochemistry to correlate the surface chemistry of GO to its electrical conductivity and electrocatalytic properties with respect to two molecules of high biological interest: β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and vitamin C. We demonstrate that the electrocatalytic properties of the material are due to hydroxyl, carbonyl and carboxyl groups residues that, even if already present on pristine GO, become electroactive only upon GO reduction. The results of this study demonstrate the advantages in the use of GO in amperometric biosensing and in enzymatic biofuel cells: it allows the oxidation of the target molecules at low potential values, with a sensitivity >15 times higher with respect to standard, carbon-based electrode materials. Finally, we demonstrate that the right amount of chemical groups to achieve such high performance can be obtained also by direct electrochemical exfoliation of bulk graphite, without passing through GO production, thus rendering this approach suitable for cheap, large-scale applications.

Systematic study of the correlation between surface chemistry, conductivity and electrocatalytic properties of graphene oxide nanosheets

Zanardi, Chiara
;
2017-01-01

Abstract

A main advantage of graphene oxide (GO) over other materials is the high tunability of its surface functional groups and of its electric conductivity. However, the complex chemical composition of GO renders difficult to unravel the correlation between structural and electric properties. Here, we use a combination of electron spectroscopy and electrochemistry to correlate the surface chemistry of GO to its electrical conductivity and electrocatalytic properties with respect to two molecules of high biological interest: β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and vitamin C. We demonstrate that the electrocatalytic properties of the material are due to hydroxyl, carbonyl and carboxyl groups residues that, even if already present on pristine GO, become electroactive only upon GO reduction. The results of this study demonstrate the advantages in the use of GO in amperometric biosensing and in enzymatic biofuel cells: it allows the oxidation of the target molecules at low potential values, with a sensitivity >15 times higher with respect to standard, carbon-based electrode materials. Finally, we demonstrate that the right amount of chemical groups to achieve such high performance can be obtained also by direct electrochemical exfoliation of bulk graphite, without passing through GO production, thus rendering this approach suitable for cheap, large-scale applications.
2017
120
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5012107
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