This study investigated the occurrence of selected metals and metalloids (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Zn) in radio-dated sediment cores from a coastal lagoon (Lagoon of Venice, Italy) by critically reviewing and grouping available data. Pre-industrial concentrations (pICs, estimated for the period before the early 1900s) for the Venice lagoon are identified according to the 2 sigma statistical procedure (2 sigma-pICs), i.e., the upper bound values of the dataset distribution. Results show the following 2 sigma-pICs (mu g/g, d.w.): As 15,9; Cd 0,6; Cr 38,0; Cu 18,1; Hg 1,1; Ni 32,9; Pb 29,4; Zn 94,5. Most of the estimated 2 sigma-pICs are comparable to previously assessed background values. In the case of Hg, on the contrary, 2 sigma-pIC is remarkably higher than background values, reflecting a significant anthropogenic contribution also in the pre-industrial period. The results of this work may support the evaluation of the temporal evolution of metal concentrations in sediments of the Venice lagoon. Results are compared with background concentrations (BC) observed in previous studies conducted in the lagoon and in other areas of the Adriatic Sea, as well as with benchmarks set in Italy for sediment assessment.

Pre-industrial sediment concentrations of metals: insights from the Venice lagoon (Italy)

Marchese, Enrico;Bizzotto, Elisa Chiara;Giubilato, Elisa;Semenzin, Elena;Marcomini, Antonio
2022-01-01

Abstract

This study investigated the occurrence of selected metals and metalloids (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Zn) in radio-dated sediment cores from a coastal lagoon (Lagoon of Venice, Italy) by critically reviewing and grouping available data. Pre-industrial concentrations (pICs, estimated for the period before the early 1900s) for the Venice lagoon are identified according to the 2 sigma statistical procedure (2 sigma-pICs), i.e., the upper bound values of the dataset distribution. Results show the following 2 sigma-pICs (mu g/g, d.w.): As 15,9; Cd 0,6; Cr 38,0; Cu 18,1; Hg 1,1; Ni 32,9; Pb 29,4; Zn 94,5. Most of the estimated 2 sigma-pICs are comparable to previously assessed background values. In the case of Hg, on the contrary, 2 sigma-pIC is remarkably higher than background values, reflecting a significant anthropogenic contribution also in the pre-industrial period. The results of this work may support the evaluation of the temporal evolution of metal concentrations in sediments of the Venice lagoon. Results are compared with background concentrations (BC) observed in previous studies conducted in the lagoon and in other areas of the Adriatic Sea, as well as with benchmarks set in Italy for sediment assessment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5010502
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