One of the X-ray imaging detectors in development for the European XFEL (X-ray Free Electron Laser) is the DSSC (DEPFET Sensor with Signal Compression). The DSSC sensor array will have a format of 1024 x 1024 pixels with a pixel size in the order of 200 mu m. It is optimized for the detection of low-energy X-ray photons and designed to operate at frame rates up to 4.5 MHz with a dynamic range of several thousand photons per pixel and frame and single photon resolution at small photon numbers. The DSSC system's core component is an active pixel sensor based on the DEPFET (DEpleted P-channel Field Effect Transistor) structure. A DEPFET is an integrated detector-amplifier combining internal amplification, full sensitivity over the whole bulk thickness, analog data storage, readout on demand, low serial noise, and absence of reset noise. For the DSSC-adaptation of the DEPFET principle the new feature of signal compression has been added, i.e. the device has a high gain at small signals and a reduced gain at large signals. With this strongly non-linear response the DSSC-DEPFET provides the required high charge handling capacity with simultaneous single photon resolution for low-energy X-rays. This paper presents the concept of the DSSC-DEPFET. Its functionality is demonstrated by measurements of a first series of prototypes.

DEPFET Active Pixel Sensor with Non-Linear Amplification

Porro, M;
2011-01-01

Abstract

One of the X-ray imaging detectors in development for the European XFEL (X-ray Free Electron Laser) is the DSSC (DEPFET Sensor with Signal Compression). The DSSC sensor array will have a format of 1024 x 1024 pixels with a pixel size in the order of 200 mu m. It is optimized for the detection of low-energy X-ray photons and designed to operate at frame rates up to 4.5 MHz with a dynamic range of several thousand photons per pixel and frame and single photon resolution at small photon numbers. The DSSC system's core component is an active pixel sensor based on the DEPFET (DEpleted P-channel Field Effect Transistor) structure. A DEPFET is an integrated detector-amplifier combining internal amplification, full sensitivity over the whole bulk thickness, analog data storage, readout on demand, low serial noise, and absence of reset noise. For the DSSC-adaptation of the DEPFET principle the new feature of signal compression has been added, i.e. the device has a high gain at small signals and a reduced gain at large signals. With this strongly non-linear response the DSSC-DEPFET provides the required high charge handling capacity with simultaneous single photon resolution for low-energy X-rays. This paper presents the concept of the DSSC-DEPFET. Its functionality is demonstrated by measurements of a first series of prototypes.
2011 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5008777
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