In this work we demonstrate theoretically and experimentally the capability to reduce the readout noise of an optical and X-ray photon detector based on the semiconductor DEPFET device below a level of only 0.3e(-) ENC (equivalent noise charge). The readout method used is called "Repetitive Non Destructive Readout" (RNDR) and was realised by placing two single DEPFET-devices next to each other and by coupling their charge storing region by an additional gate. By transferring the stored charge from one DEPFET to the other and vice versa the same charge can be measured non-destructively and arbitrarily often. Taking the average value of a large number n of these measurements, the noise is reduced by 1/root n. The main advantage of such a detector is to greatly reduce the influence of the 1/f noise to the readout noise. The theoretically and experimentally achievable resolution for different operating parameters (leakage current, readout noise, number and duration of readouts) was investigated by Monte-Carlo simulations and verified on a real RNDR minimatrix (pixelarray). Single optical photon detection with high quantum efficiency and, even more fascinating, the possibility to distinguish between different numbers of photons e. g. 100 from 101 is presented in measurements.

Sub-Electron noise measurements on RNDR Devices

Porro, M;
2006-01-01

Abstract

In this work we demonstrate theoretically and experimentally the capability to reduce the readout noise of an optical and X-ray photon detector based on the semiconductor DEPFET device below a level of only 0.3e(-) ENC (equivalent noise charge). The readout method used is called "Repetitive Non Destructive Readout" (RNDR) and was realised by placing two single DEPFET-devices next to each other and by coupling their charge storing region by an additional gate. By transferring the stored charge from one DEPFET to the other and vice versa the same charge can be measured non-destructively and arbitrarily often. Taking the average value of a large number n of these measurements, the noise is reduced by 1/root n. The main advantage of such a detector is to greatly reduce the influence of the 1/f noise to the readout noise. The theoretically and experimentally achievable resolution for different operating parameters (leakage current, readout noise, number and duration of readouts) was investigated by Monte-Carlo simulations and verified on a real RNDR minimatrix (pixelarray). Single optical photon detection with high quantum efficiency and, even more fascinating, the possibility to distinguish between different numbers of photons e. g. 100 from 101 is presented in measurements.
2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5008767
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