The increasing need of restoring high-resolution hyper-spectral (HS) images is determining a growing reliance on computer vision-based processing to enhance the clarity of the image content. HS images can, in fact, suffer from degradation effects or artefacts caused by instrument limitations. This article focuses on a procedure aimed at reducing the degradation effects, frequency-dependent blur and noise, in Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) images in reflection geometry. It describes the application of a joint deblurring and denoising approach that had been previously proved to be effective for the restoration of THz-TDS images in transmission geometry, but that had never been tested in reflection modality. This mode is often the only one that can be effectively used in most cases, for example, when analyzing objects that are either opaque in the THz range, or that cannot be displaced from their location (e.g., museums), such as those of cultural interest. Compared to transmission mode, reflection geometry introduces, however, further distortion to THz data, usually neglected in existing literature. In this work, we successfully implement image deblurring and denoising of both uniform-shape samples (a contemporary 1 Euro cent coin and an inlaid pendant) and samples with the uneven reliefs and corrosion products on the surface, which make the analysis of the object particularly complex (an ancient Roman silver coin). The study demonstrates the ability of image processing to restore data in the 0.25–6 THz range, spanning over more than four octaves, and providing the foundation for future analytical approaches of cultural heritage using the far-infrared spectrum still not sufficiently investigated in the literature.

Beam-Shape Effects and Noise Removal From THz Time-Domain Images in Reflection Geometry in the 0.25 - 6 THz Range

Bonetti S.;Traviglia A.
2022

Abstract

The increasing need of restoring high-resolution hyper-spectral (HS) images is determining a growing reliance on computer vision-based processing to enhance the clarity of the image content. HS images can, in fact, suffer from degradation effects or artefacts caused by instrument limitations. This article focuses on a procedure aimed at reducing the degradation effects, frequency-dependent blur and noise, in Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) images in reflection geometry. It describes the application of a joint deblurring and denoising approach that had been previously proved to be effective for the restoration of THz-TDS images in transmission geometry, but that had never been tested in reflection modality. This mode is often the only one that can be effectively used in most cases, for example, when analyzing objects that are either opaque in the THz range, or that cannot be displaced from their location (e.g., museums), such as those of cultural interest. Compared to transmission mode, reflection geometry introduces, however, further distortion to THz data, usually neglected in existing literature. In this work, we successfully implement image deblurring and denoising of both uniform-shape samples (a contemporary 1 Euro cent coin and an inlaid pendant) and samples with the uneven reliefs and corrosion products on the surface, which make the analysis of the object particularly complex (an ancient Roman silver coin). The study demonstrates the ability of image processing to restore data in the 0.25–6 THz range, spanning over more than four octaves, and providing the foundation for future analytical approaches of cultural heritage using the far-infrared spectrum still not sufficiently investigated in the literature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5008201
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