The paper considers reduction problems and deformation approaches for nonstationary covariance functions on the ( d − 1 ) -dimensional spheres, S d − 1 , embedded in the d -dimensional Euclidean space. Given a covariance function C on S d − 1 , we chase a pair ( R , Ψ ) , for a function R : [ − 1 , + 1 ] → R and a smooth bijection Ψ , such that C can be reduced to a geodesically isotropic one: C ( x , y ) = R ( ⟨ Ψ ( x ) , Ψ ( y ) ⟩ ) , with ⟨ ⋅ , ⋅ ⟩ denoting the dot product. The problem finds motivation in recent statistical literature devoted to the analysis of global phenomena, defined typically over the sphere of R 3 . The application domains considered in the manuscript makes the problem mathematically challenging. We show the uniqueness of the representation in the reduction problem. Then, under some regularity assumptions, we provide an inversion formula to recover the bijection Ψ , when it exists, for a given C . We also give sufficient conditions for reducibility.

Reduction problems and deformation approaches to nonstationary covariance functions over spheres

Emilio Porcu
;
Moreno Bevilacqua
2020

Abstract

The paper considers reduction problems and deformation approaches for nonstationary covariance functions on the ( d − 1 ) -dimensional spheres, S d − 1 , embedded in the d -dimensional Euclidean space. Given a covariance function C on S d − 1 , we chase a pair ( R , Ψ ) , for a function R : [ − 1 , + 1 ] → R and a smooth bijection Ψ , such that C can be reduced to a geodesically isotropic one: C ( x , y ) = R ( ⟨ Ψ ( x ) , Ψ ( y ) ⟩ ) , with ⟨ ⋅ , ⋅ ⟩ denoting the dot product. The problem finds motivation in recent statistical literature devoted to the analysis of global phenomena, defined typically over the sphere of R 3 . The application domains considered in the manuscript makes the problem mathematically challenging. We show the uniqueness of the representation in the reduction problem. Then, under some regularity assumptions, we provide an inversion formula to recover the bijection Ψ , when it exists, for a given C . We also give sufficient conditions for reducibility.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5000857
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