The aim of this paper was to verify a possible correlation between the pore-size of meso- porous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) and the sizes of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) obtained by an impreg- nation of gold(III) chloride hydrate solution in the MSNs, followed by a specific thermal treatment. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles with tunable pore diameter were synthesized via a surfactant-assisted method. Tetraethoxysilane as silica precursor, cetyl- trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as surfactant and toluene as swelling agent were used. By varying the CTAB–toluene molar ratio, the average dimension of the pores could be tuned from 2.8 to 5.5 nm. Successively, thiol groups were grafted on the surface of the MSNs. Finally, the thermal evolution of the gold salt, followed by ‘‘in situ’’ X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), revealed an evident correlation among the degradation of the thiol groups, the pore dimension of the MSNs and the size of the AuNPs. The samples were characterized by means of nitrogen adsorption– desorption, transmission electron microscopy, small- angle X-ray scattering, XRPD ‘‘in situ’’ by synchro- tron radiation, and ‘‘ex situ’’ by conventional tech- niques, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, and TGA.

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles with tunable pore size for tailored gold nanoparticles

SPONCHIA, GABRIELE;MARIN, RICCARDO;FRERIS, Isidora;MARCHIORI, Martina;MORETTI, Elisa;STORARO, Loretta;CANTON, Patrizia;BENEDETTI, Alvise;RIELLO, Pietro
2014

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to verify a possible correlation between the pore-size of meso- porous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) and the sizes of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) obtained by an impreg- nation of gold(III) chloride hydrate solution in the MSNs, followed by a specific thermal treatment. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles with tunable pore diameter were synthesized via a surfactant-assisted method. Tetraethoxysilane as silica precursor, cetyl- trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as surfactant and toluene as swelling agent were used. By varying the CTAB–toluene molar ratio, the average dimension of the pores could be tuned from 2.8 to 5.5 nm. Successively, thiol groups were grafted on the surface of the MSNs. Finally, the thermal evolution of the gold salt, followed by ‘‘in situ’’ X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), revealed an evident correlation among the degradation of the thiol groups, the pore dimension of the MSNs and the size of the AuNPs. The samples were characterized by means of nitrogen adsorption– desorption, transmission electron microscopy, small- angle X-ray scattering, XRPD ‘‘in situ’’ by synchro- tron radiation, and ‘‘ex situ’’ by conventional tech- niques, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, and TGA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/40961
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