Aerosolization of natural salt and brackish waters under laboratory conditions is responsible for the transfer of synthetic surfactants such as linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) from water to the atmosphere. Excluded the lagoon sample which stands apart, on the average ca. 45% of the LAS present at concentrations between 0.1 and 4.1 mug 1(-1) in the tested coastal and offshore marine and lagoon waters was transferred to the aerosol extract. The distribution of the individual LAS homologs in the aerosol is very similar to that in water, which indicates no preferential removal from the bulk water of any LAS homolog. The fraction of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) undergoing aerosolization under the same conditions for each tested sample was on an average ca. 3.3%, corresponding to ca. 5.6 mg 1(-1). On the average, the enrichment factor of the sea samples, resulting from the changing of the LAS/DOG ratio before and after aerosolization, was ca. 20.

Aerosolization of an anionic surfactant (LAS) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) under laboratory conditions

MARCOMINI, Antonio;POJANA, Giulio;GIACOMETTI, Andrea;
2001

Abstract

Aerosolization of natural salt and brackish waters under laboratory conditions is responsible for the transfer of synthetic surfactants such as linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) from water to the atmosphere. Excluded the lagoon sample which stands apart, on the average ca. 45% of the LAS present at concentrations between 0.1 and 4.1 mug 1(-1) in the tested coastal and offshore marine and lagoon waters was transferred to the aerosol extract. The distribution of the individual LAS homologs in the aerosol is very similar to that in water, which indicates no preferential removal from the bulk water of any LAS homolog. The fraction of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) undergoing aerosolization under the same conditions for each tested sample was on an average ca. 3.3%, corresponding to ca. 5.6 mg 1(-1). On the average, the enrichment factor of the sea samples, resulting from the changing of the LAS/DOG ratio before and after aerosolization, was ca. 20.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/39225
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