Chemical risk assessment procedures assign a major role to standardized toxicity tests, in which the response of a particular organism to a single test substance is determined under otherwise constant and favorable conditions in the laboratory. This approach fails to consider the potential for chemical interactions, as well as failing to consider how the toxicological response varies, depending on the conditions of exposure. As yet, the issue of confounding factors on chemically mediated effects in wildlife has received little attention, despite the fact that a range of physicochemical parameters, including temperature, water quality, and pH, areknownto modify chemical toxicity. Here, we consider how the estrogenic response of fish varies with regard to hypoxia. Fatheadminnows(Pimephales promelas) were exposed to a mixture of estrogenic chemicals under hypoxic or normoxic conditions. Their estrogenic response was characterized using an in vivo assay, involving the analysis of the egg yolk protein, vitellogenin (VTG). The results revealed that there was no effect of hypoxia on the VTG response in either treatment group at the end of the exposure period. This suggests that this end point is robust and relatively insensitive to the effects of any physiological changes that arise as a result of hypoxia. The implications of these negative findings are discussed in terms of their relevance with regard to the development of risk assessment policy.
|Titolo:||Hypoxia Does Not Influence the Response of Fish to a Mixture of Estrogenic Chemicals|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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|2008_Brian et al.EnvSci&Techn..PDF||Post-print||Accesso chiuso-personale||Riservato|