This paper reports on an ultrasensitive and label-free electrochemical immunosensor for monitoring the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (SARS-CoV-2 SP). A self-supported electrode, which can simultaneously serve as an antibody immobilization matrix and electron transport channel, was initially fabricated by a controlled partial exfoliation of a flexible graphitic carbon foil (GCF). Mild acidic treatment enabled the partial oxidation and exfoliation (down to a few layers) of the flexible GCF; this also provided a high percentage of oxygen functionality and an enhanced surface roughness. The substrate electrode was further functionalized with ethylenediamine (EDA) to provide a suitable platform with even a higher surface roughness, for the covalent immobilization of an anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody. The change in the current response for the [Fe(CN)6]3−/4− redox couple, induced by the binding of SARS-CoV-2 SP to the antibody immobilized on the electrode surface, was used to determine the SARS-CoV-2 SP concentration. The immunosensor thus prepared could detect SARS-CoV-2 SP within 30 min with high reproducibility and specificity over a wide concentration range (0.2–100 ng/mL). Detection limits of 25 pg/mL and 27 pg/mL were found in a phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.4), and diluted blood plasma, respectively. The immunosensor was also employed to detect SARS-CoV-2 SP in artificial human saliva.

Controlled, partially exfoliated, self-supported functionalized flexible graphitic carbon foil for ultrasensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein

Adeel M.;Asif K.;Rahman M. M.;Daniele S.
;
Rizzolio F.
2022

Abstract

This paper reports on an ultrasensitive and label-free electrochemical immunosensor for monitoring the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (SARS-CoV-2 SP). A self-supported electrode, which can simultaneously serve as an antibody immobilization matrix and electron transport channel, was initially fabricated by a controlled partial exfoliation of a flexible graphitic carbon foil (GCF). Mild acidic treatment enabled the partial oxidation and exfoliation (down to a few layers) of the flexible GCF; this also provided a high percentage of oxygen functionality and an enhanced surface roughness. The substrate electrode was further functionalized with ethylenediamine (EDA) to provide a suitable platform with even a higher surface roughness, for the covalent immobilization of an anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody. The change in the current response for the [Fe(CN)6]3−/4− redox couple, induced by the binding of SARS-CoV-2 SP to the antibody immobilized on the electrode surface, was used to determine the SARS-CoV-2 SP concentration. The immunosensor thus prepared could detect SARS-CoV-2 SP within 30 min with high reproducibility and specificity over a wide concentration range (0.2–100 ng/mL). Detection limits of 25 pg/mL and 27 pg/mL were found in a phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.4), and diluted blood plasma, respectively. The immunosensor was also employed to detect SARS-CoV-2 SP in artificial human saliva.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3752659
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