This research aims to study the possible improvement of methylene blue (MB) removal from aqueous solution by hybrid adsorbent-catalysts (AdsCats) prepared through the incorporation of activated carbon derived from luffa cylindrica fibers (LAC) to TiO2 photocatalysts. LAC with a specific surface area of 1170 m²/g was prepared by chemical activation with phosphoric acid at 500°C. TiO2/LAC composites with 70 and 90 wt.% Degussa P25 titania were prepared. The materials were characterized by N2 physical adsorption, XRD, FTIR, and XPS. The AdsCats displayed a very good dispersion of TiO2 over LAC, a surface area of close to 200 or 400 m²/g, depending on the composition, and high crystallinity, showing the presence of anatase and rutile phases. MB re-moval was studied in two different scenarios: under UV-light after reaching adsorption equilib-rium, and under UV-light once the liquid effluent and the AdsCats were in contact. The MB removal by LAC has proved to be very efficient, highlighting the predominant role of adsorption over photodegradation. The prepared AdsCats have also been compared with their components. The results showed that TiLAC hybrids have superior photocatalytic performance than P25, showing TiLAC-7/3 90% MB removal with respect to the initial concentration just after 30 min of UV light irradiation for both studied scenarios.

Advantages of the Incorporation of Luffa-based Activated Carbon to Titania for Improving the Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution

Elisa Moretti;Enrique Rodríguez-Castellón;
2021-01-01

Abstract

This research aims to study the possible improvement of methylene blue (MB) removal from aqueous solution by hybrid adsorbent-catalysts (AdsCats) prepared through the incorporation of activated carbon derived from luffa cylindrica fibers (LAC) to TiO2 photocatalysts. LAC with a specific surface area of 1170 m²/g was prepared by chemical activation with phosphoric acid at 500°C. TiO2/LAC composites with 70 and 90 wt.% Degussa P25 titania were prepared. The materials were characterized by N2 physical adsorption, XRD, FTIR, and XPS. The AdsCats displayed a very good dispersion of TiO2 over LAC, a surface area of close to 200 or 400 m²/g, depending on the composition, and high crystallinity, showing the presence of anatase and rutile phases. MB re-moval was studied in two different scenarios: under UV-light after reaching adsorption equilib-rium, and under UV-light once the liquid effluent and the AdsCats were in contact. The MB removal by LAC has proved to be very efficient, highlighting the predominant role of adsorption over photodegradation. The prepared AdsCats have also been compared with their components. The results showed that TiLAC hybrids have superior photocatalytic performance than P25, showing TiLAC-7/3 90% MB removal with respect to the initial concentration just after 30 min of UV light irradiation for both studied scenarios.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3742118
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