Single phase hydroxyapatite (HAp) and biphasic material hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate (HAp/β-TCP) were obtained from a marine source (Atlantic cod fish bones). Here we report a study on the biological properties of these materials, including cytotoxicity, bioactivity and haemocompatibility. Results showed that the materials are not cytotoxic, neither in their powder nor in pellet form; indeed growth of Saos-2 cells was comparable to that of commercial. The haemolysis rate was lower than 2%; hence the materials can be classified as non-haemolytic. Moreover, when immersed in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF), crystal formation was observed on the surface of both materials. The sintering behaviour of the samples was also studied; both powders showed very high sinterability (density higher than 95% of the theoretical value). Overall, these results confirm the suitability of these materials for biomedical applications.

Hydroxyapatite-based materials of marine origin: A bioactivity and sintering study

Pullar R. C.;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Single phase hydroxyapatite (HAp) and biphasic material hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate (HAp/β-TCP) were obtained from a marine source (Atlantic cod fish bones). Here we report a study on the biological properties of these materials, including cytotoxicity, bioactivity and haemocompatibility. Results showed that the materials are not cytotoxic, neither in their powder nor in pellet form; indeed growth of Saos-2 cells was comparable to that of commercial. The haemolysis rate was lower than 2%; hence the materials can be classified as non-haemolytic. Moreover, when immersed in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF), crystal formation was observed on the surface of both materials. The sintering behaviour of the samples was also studied; both powders showed very high sinterability (density higher than 95% of the theoretical value). Overall, these results confirm the suitability of these materials for biomedical applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3740350
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