The magnetic properties of nanocrystalline CoFe2O4 powders prepared by a redox process at room temperature have been studied by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The average crystallite size of the powders varied from 6 to 20 nm by changing the synthesis conditions and the corresponding saturation magnetisation (Ms) value ranged from 9 to 38 emug-1. On heating, the crystallite size increased with corresponding increase in Ms values. At 1073K all samples achieved Ms values close to 73 emug-1. On increasing the crystallite size, the coercivity (Hc) increased passed through a maximum and dropped. Cobalt ferrite powder with an average crystallite size of 6nm prepared at room temperature achieved desirable values of Ms = 60 emug-1 and Hc = 1.42 kOe after thermal annealing at 973 K. The Mössbauer spectra were recorded for CoFe2O4 having a range of crystallite sizes at room temperature and at low temperatures down to 40 K. The magnetic and Mössbauer results are provided for nanocrystalline CoFe2O4 as a function of crystallite size and measurement temperature. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.

Magnetic properties of nanocrystalline CoFe2O4 powders prepared at room temperature: Variation with crystallite size

Pullar R. C.;
2001-01-01

Abstract

The magnetic properties of nanocrystalline CoFe2O4 powders prepared by a redox process at room temperature have been studied by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The average crystallite size of the powders varied from 6 to 20 nm by changing the synthesis conditions and the corresponding saturation magnetisation (Ms) value ranged from 9 to 38 emug-1. On heating, the crystallite size increased with corresponding increase in Ms values. At 1073K all samples achieved Ms values close to 73 emug-1. On increasing the crystallite size, the coercivity (Hc) increased passed through a maximum and dropped. Cobalt ferrite powder with an average crystallite size of 6nm prepared at room temperature achieved desirable values of Ms = 60 emug-1 and Hc = 1.42 kOe after thermal annealing at 973 K. The Mössbauer spectra were recorded for CoFe2O4 having a range of crystallite sizes at room temperature and at low temperatures down to 40 K. The magnetic and Mössbauer results are provided for nanocrystalline CoFe2O4 as a function of crystallite size and measurement temperature. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3740078
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