The selection and enrichment of a mixed microbial culture (MMC) for polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production is a well-known technology, typically carried out in sequencing batch reactors (SBR) operated under a feast-famine regime. With a nitrogen-deficient carbon source to be used as feedstock for PHA synthesis, a nutrient supply in the SBR is required for efficient microbial growth. In this study, an uncoupled carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) feeding strategy was adopted by dosing the C-source at the beginning of the feast and the N-source at the beginning of the famine, at a fixed C/N ratio of 33.4 g COD/g N and 12 h cycle length. The applied organic loading rate (OLR) was increased from 4.25 to 8.5 and finally to 12.725 g COD/L d. A more efficient selective pressure was maintained at lower and intermediate OLR, where the feast phase length was shorter (around 20 % of the whole cycle length). However, at the higher OLR investigated, the PHA content in the biomass reached a value of 0.53 g PHA/g VSS at the end of the feast phase, as a consequence of the increased C-source loaded per cycle. Moreover, 2nd stage PHA productivity was 2.4 g PHA/L d, 1.5 and 3.0-fold higher than those obtained at lower OLR. The results highlight the possibility of simplifying the process by withdrawing the biomass at the end of the feast phase directly to downstream processing, without a need for the intermediate accumulation step.

High rate selection of PHA accumulating mixed cultures in sequencing batch reactors with uncoupled carbon and nitrogen feeding

Majone M.;Valentino F.
2020-01-01

Abstract

The selection and enrichment of a mixed microbial culture (MMC) for polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production is a well-known technology, typically carried out in sequencing batch reactors (SBR) operated under a feast-famine regime. With a nitrogen-deficient carbon source to be used as feedstock for PHA synthesis, a nutrient supply in the SBR is required for efficient microbial growth. In this study, an uncoupled carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) feeding strategy was adopted by dosing the C-source at the beginning of the feast and the N-source at the beginning of the famine, at a fixed C/N ratio of 33.4 g COD/g N and 12 h cycle length. The applied organic loading rate (OLR) was increased from 4.25 to 8.5 and finally to 12.725 g COD/L d. A more efficient selective pressure was maintained at lower and intermediate OLR, where the feast phase length was shorter (around 20 % of the whole cycle length). However, at the higher OLR investigated, the PHA content in the biomass reached a value of 0.53 g PHA/g VSS at the end of the feast phase, as a consequence of the increased C-source loaded per cycle. Moreover, 2nd stage PHA productivity was 2.4 g PHA/L d, 1.5 and 3.0-fold higher than those obtained at lower OLR. The results highlight the possibility of simplifying the process by withdrawing the biomass at the end of the feast phase directly to downstream processing, without a need for the intermediate accumulation step.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Majone_High-rate-selection.pdf

non disponibili

Dimensione 957.46 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
957.46 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in ARCA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3736859
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 36
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 33
social impact