Bismuth-based (nano)materials have been attracting increasing interest due to appealing properties such as high refractive indexes, intrinsic opacity, and structural distortions due to the stereochemistry of 6s2 lone pair electrons of Bi3+. However, the control over specific phases and strategies able to stabilize uniform bismuth-based (nano)materials is still a challenge. In this study, we employed the ability of bismuth to lower the melting point of silica to introduce a new synthetic approach able to confine the growth of bismuth-oxide-based materials into nanostructures. Combining in situ temperature-dependent synchrotron radiation X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) analyses, we demonstrate the evolution of a confined Bi2O3-SiO2 nanosystem from Bi2SiO5 to Bi4Si3O12 through a melting process. The silica shell acts as both a nanoreactor and a silicon source for the stabilization of bismuth silicate glass-ceramic nanocrystals keeping the original spherical shape. The exciton peak of Bi2SiO5 is measured for the first time allowing the estimation of its real energy gap. Moreover, based on a detailed spectroscopic investigation, we discuss the potential and the limitations of Nd3+-activated bismuth silicate systems as ratiometric thermometers. The synthetic strategy introduced here could be further explored to stabilize other bismuth-oxide-based materials, opening the way toward the growth of well-defined glass-ceramic nanoparticles.

Confined-Melting-Assisted Synthesis of Bismuth Silicate Glass-Ceramic Nanoparticles: Formation and Optical Thermometry Investigation

Back, Michele
;
Trave, Enrico;Cristofori, Davide;Ambrosi, Emmanuele;Dallo, Federico;Roman, Marco;Tanabe, Setsuhisa;Benedetti, Alvise;Riello, Pietro
2020-01-01

Abstract

Bismuth-based (nano)materials have been attracting increasing interest due to appealing properties such as high refractive indexes, intrinsic opacity, and structural distortions due to the stereochemistry of 6s2 lone pair electrons of Bi3+. However, the control over specific phases and strategies able to stabilize uniform bismuth-based (nano)materials is still a challenge. In this study, we employed the ability of bismuth to lower the melting point of silica to introduce a new synthetic approach able to confine the growth of bismuth-oxide-based materials into nanostructures. Combining in situ temperature-dependent synchrotron radiation X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) analyses, we demonstrate the evolution of a confined Bi2O3-SiO2 nanosystem from Bi2SiO5 to Bi4Si3O12 through a melting process. The silica shell acts as both a nanoreactor and a silicon source for the stabilization of bismuth silicate glass-ceramic nanocrystals keeping the original spherical shape. The exciton peak of Bi2SiO5 is measured for the first time allowing the estimation of its real energy gap. Moreover, based on a detailed spectroscopic investigation, we discuss the potential and the limitations of Nd3+-activated bismuth silicate systems as ratiometric thermometers. The synthetic strategy introduced here could be further explored to stabilize other bismuth-oxide-based materials, opening the way toward the growth of well-defined glass-ceramic nanoparticles.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3735316
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