The [Fe(CO)4{M(NHC)}]– (M = Cu, NHC = IMes, 1; M = Cu, NHC = IPr, 2; M = Ag, NHC = IMes, 3; M = Ag, NHC = IPr, 4; IMes = C3N2H2(C6H2Me3)2; IPr = C3N2H2(C6H3iPr2)2) mono-anions were obtained from the reaction of Na2[Fe(CO)4]·2thf with one equivalent of M(NHC)Cl (M = Cu, Ag; NHC = IMes, IPr) in dmso. Furthermore, the reaction of Na2[Fe(CO)4]·2thf with two equivalents of M(NHC)Cl in thf afforded the neutral compounds Fe(CO)4{M(NHC)}2 (M = Cu, NHC = IMes, 11; M = Cu, NHC = IPr, 12; M = Ag, NHC = IMes, 13; M = Ag, NHC = IPr, 14). 2 and 4 further reacted with one equivalent of M(IPr)Cl (M = Cu, Ag, Au) resulting in the trimetallic clusters Fe(CO)4{Cu(IPr)}{Ag(IPr)} (18), Fe(CO)4{Cu(IPr)}{Au(IPr)} (19), and Fe(CO)4{Ag(IPr)}{Au(IPr)} (20). 1–4, 11–14 and 18–20 have been spectroscopically characterized by IR, 1H and13C{1H} NMR techniques. The molecular structures of 2, 12, 18, 19 and 20 have been determined through single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure, bonding and stability of the copper and silver IMes derivatives were compared to the related Fe-Au clusters previously reported on the basis of theoretical calculations. Stability of the Fe–M bonds decreases in the order Au > Cu > Ag, and the same trend was found for what concerns the M-IMes interactions. The decomposition products of 1–4, 11–14 and 18–20 have been studied allowing, among the others, the structural characterization of the new species [Fe2(CO)8{Ag(IPr)}]– (10) and Fe(CO)4(CH2IMes) (21).

A Comparative Experimental and Computational Study of Heterometallic Fe-M (M = Cu, Ag, Au) Carbonyl Clusters Containing N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands

M. Bortoluzzi;
2020

Abstract

The [Fe(CO)4{M(NHC)}]– (M = Cu, NHC = IMes, 1; M = Cu, NHC = IPr, 2; M = Ag, NHC = IMes, 3; M = Ag, NHC = IPr, 4; IMes = C3N2H2(C6H2Me3)2; IPr = C3N2H2(C6H3iPr2)2) mono-anions were obtained from the reaction of Na2[Fe(CO)4]·2thf with one equivalent of M(NHC)Cl (M = Cu, Ag; NHC = IMes, IPr) in dmso. Furthermore, the reaction of Na2[Fe(CO)4]·2thf with two equivalents of M(NHC)Cl in thf afforded the neutral compounds Fe(CO)4{M(NHC)}2 (M = Cu, NHC = IMes, 11; M = Cu, NHC = IPr, 12; M = Ag, NHC = IMes, 13; M = Ag, NHC = IPr, 14). 2 and 4 further reacted with one equivalent of M(IPr)Cl (M = Cu, Ag, Au) resulting in the trimetallic clusters Fe(CO)4{Cu(IPr)}{Ag(IPr)} (18), Fe(CO)4{Cu(IPr)}{Au(IPr)} (19), and Fe(CO)4{Ag(IPr)}{Au(IPr)} (20). 1–4, 11–14 and 18–20 have been spectroscopically characterized by IR, 1H and13C{1H} NMR techniques. The molecular structures of 2, 12, 18, 19 and 20 have been determined through single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure, bonding and stability of the copper and silver IMes derivatives were compared to the related Fe-Au clusters previously reported on the basis of theoretical calculations. Stability of the Fe–M bonds decreases in the order Au > Cu > Ag, and the same trend was found for what concerns the M-IMes interactions. The decomposition products of 1–4, 11–14 and 18–20 have been studied allowing, among the others, the structural characterization of the new species [Fe2(CO)8{Ag(IPr)}]– (10) and Fe(CO)4(CH2IMes) (21).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/3726104
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