The numerous advantages of disposable and screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) particularly in terms of portability, sensibility, sensitivity and low-cost led to the massive application of these electroanalytical devices. To limit the electronic waste and recover precious materials, new recycling processes were developed together with alternative SPEs fabrication procedures based on renewable, biocompatible sources or waste materials, such as paper, agricultural byproducts or spent batteries. The increased interest in the use of eco-friendly materials for electronics has given rise to a new generation of highly performing green modifiers. From paper based electrodes to disposable electrodes obtained from CD/DVD, in the last decades considerable efforts were devoted to reuse and recycle in the field of electrochemistry. Here an overview of recycled and recyclable disposable electrodes, sustainable electrode modifiers and alternative fabrication processes is proposed aiming to provide meaningful examples to redesign the world of disposable electrodes.
Giulia Moro [Conceptualization]
Ligia Maria Moretto [Writing – Review & Editing] (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Titolo:||Disposable electrodes from waste materials and renewable sources for (bio) electroanalytical applications|
|Rivista:||BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2019.111758|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |