Fishery activities in the Garda lake had historically played a very important role for the people living along the coasts of the lake. In this work we present updated time series of catches, that could be useful to describe the evolution of the fishery, linking landings with the changes of environmental conditions and biological communities reported in the literature. Total catches peaked in the mid ’60s (ca. 700 metric tons) and then smoothly decreased until the ‘90s, when they started oscillating around a total production of about 400 metric tonnes, similarly to the situation observed before the ‘50s. However, catches composition shows more complex dynamics over time, with the disappearance over the years of species very important for the lake ecosystem and for the fishery itself, both in terms of catches or economic value (e.g. the Common bleak Alburnus alborella or the Carpione del Garda Salmo carpio). Even if some of the zooplankivourous species showed strong declines over time, this feeding category has always been very important for the lake fishery, representing at least 50% of the total caught biomass and reaching more than 80% of total catches since 1980. This is due to the large contribution of the Agone Alosa agone, that has been very important in the whole history of the fishery of the lake, and of the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus, whose contribution changed over the decades, but that is characterized by an increase in the last period, becoming the most important species during the last decade.

HISTORICAL RECONSTRUCTION OF FISHERY CATCHES FOR THE LAKE GARDA

MATTEO ZUCCHETTA
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
FABIO PRANOVI
Funding Acquisition
;
FRANZOI PIERO
Supervision
2019

Abstract

Fishery activities in the Garda lake had historically played a very important role for the people living along the coasts of the lake. In this work we present updated time series of catches, that could be useful to describe the evolution of the fishery, linking landings with the changes of environmental conditions and biological communities reported in the literature. Total catches peaked in the mid ’60s (ca. 700 metric tons) and then smoothly decreased until the ‘90s, when they started oscillating around a total production of about 400 metric tonnes, similarly to the situation observed before the ‘50s. However, catches composition shows more complex dynamics over time, with the disappearance over the years of species very important for the lake ecosystem and for the fishery itself, both in terms of catches or economic value (e.g. the Common bleak Alburnus alborella or the Carpione del Garda Salmo carpio). Even if some of the zooplankivourous species showed strong declines over time, this feeding category has always been very important for the lake fishery, representing at least 50% of the total caught biomass and reaching more than 80% of total catches since 1980. This is due to the large contribution of the Agone Alosa agone, that has been very important in the whole history of the fishery of the lake, and of the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus, whose contribution changed over the decades, but that is characterized by an increase in the last period, becoming the most important species during the last decade.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/3718984
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