The application of an innovative solidification/stabilization (S/S) process was investigated for the remediation of Pb contaminated soil. The performance of Pb stabilization was evaluated by comparing the use of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) and an alkali activated metakaolin binder vs the Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). The phase composition of the stabilized products was investigated by XRD and correlated to the internal microstructure obtained by SEM-EDX imaging. Leaching tests were performed to ascertain the effectiveness of the proposed binders in the S/S of the contaminated soil, and Pb release was evaluated for each binding system. The overall results proved that multiple mechanisms are involved in Pb retention and that key parameters regulating the stabilization performance are strongly dependent on the type of applied binder system. Pb was found to be associated to C-S-H in the case of OPC, whereas ettringite played a key role in the retention of this contaminant using the CAC binder. The use of a NaOH activated metakaolin resulted in almost total retention of Pb, despite a lack of solidification, highlighting the importance of pH in the regulation of the leaching behavior.

Stabilization of lead contaminated soil with traditional and alternative binders

Calgaro L.
Investigation
;
Bonetto A.
Methodology
;
Marcomini A.
Supervision
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The application of an innovative solidification/stabilization (S/S) process was investigated for the remediation of Pb contaminated soil. The performance of Pb stabilization was evaluated by comparing the use of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) and an alkali activated metakaolin binder vs the Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). The phase composition of the stabilized products was investigated by XRD and correlated to the internal microstructure obtained by SEM-EDX imaging. Leaching tests were performed to ascertain the effectiveness of the proposed binders in the S/S of the contaminated soil, and Pb release was evaluated for each binding system. The overall results proved that multiple mechanisms are involved in Pb retention and that key parameters regulating the stabilization performance are strongly dependent on the type of applied binder system. Pb was found to be associated to C-S-H in the case of OPC, whereas ettringite played a key role in the retention of this contaminant using the CAC binder. The use of a NaOH activated metakaolin resulted in almost total retention of Pb, despite a lack of solidification, highlighting the importance of pH in the regulation of the leaching behavior.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3718454
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