Spinocerebellar ataxia type 14 (SCA14) is an autosomal-dominant ataxia caused by point mutations of the Protein Kinase C Gamma gene. In addition to slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia, it is characterised by dystonia and myoclonus. With scant neuropathological data and no detailed neurophysiological examinations little is known on extracerebellar consequences of SCA14 related cerebellar pathology. To this end, we here delineate clinical phenomenology and neurophysiology of four German SCA14 families. Detailed clinical examination including ataxia severity evaluation by means of the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) was carried out in 9 affected family members (mean age 49.8 years±14.4 SD). Motor thresholds (MT), the contralateral silent period (CSP), short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF), interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) and short afferent inhibition (SAI) were determined using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) of the median nerve, and acoustic and visual evoked potentials (AEP, VEP) were also performed. Most patients reported symptoms since early childhood. There was a positive correlation between age and SARA scores (r=.721, P<0.05). Patients had cerebellar ataxia, mild dystonia (focal, task-specific or segmental), subtle pyramidal signs and myoclonus. SICI increased with increasing conditioning pulse intensities in healthy controls but not in patients. Other neurophysiological parameters did not differ between groups. SCA14 is a slowly progressive ataxia associated with mild dystonia and myoclonus. Reduced SICI reflects abnormalities of intracortical inhibitory circuits. © Springer Science+Business Media 2013.

Jakob Friedrich Dyckerhoff: Collegium über Naturlehre und Astronomie bei G. Chr. Lichtenberg, Göttingen 1796/1797. Ein Skizzenbuch der Experimentalphysik. ed. v. G. Berg. Göttingen 2011 (=Lichtenberg-Studien 15)

Zittel C
2014

Abstract

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 14 (SCA14) is an autosomal-dominant ataxia caused by point mutations of the Protein Kinase C Gamma gene. In addition to slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia, it is characterised by dystonia and myoclonus. With scant neuropathological data and no detailed neurophysiological examinations little is known on extracerebellar consequences of SCA14 related cerebellar pathology. To this end, we here delineate clinical phenomenology and neurophysiology of four German SCA14 families. Detailed clinical examination including ataxia severity evaluation by means of the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) was carried out in 9 affected family members (mean age 49.8 years±14.4 SD). Motor thresholds (MT), the contralateral silent period (CSP), short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF), interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) and short afferent inhibition (SAI) were determined using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) of the median nerve, and acoustic and visual evoked potentials (AEP, VEP) were also performed. Most patients reported symptoms since early childhood. There was a positive correlation between age and SARA scores (r=.721, P<0.05). Patients had cerebellar ataxia, mild dystonia (focal, task-specific or segmental), subtle pyramidal signs and myoclonus. SICI increased with increasing conditioning pulse intensities in healthy controls but not in patients. Other neurophysiological parameters did not differ between groups. SCA14 is a slowly progressive ataxia associated with mild dystonia and myoclonus. Reduced SICI reflects abnormalities of intracortical inhibitory circuits. © Springer Science+Business Media 2013.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/3717796
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