Bentonites are often used as components of engineered barrier systems (EBS) for the radioactive waste disposal and isolation of hazardous nuclear facilities. In this paper, we consider possible transformations of the composition, structure and properties of bentonites when they are used as EBS components during the decommissioning of open pools with liquid radioactive waste (LRW). Operating conditions were modeled by the treatment with nitric acid at different durations (from 1 to 6 h), concentrations (from 1 to 8 M) and temperatures (20and 90°C). Nitric acid was chosen because it is used in the preparation procedure of LRW for isolation. To assess the intensity of transformations, bentonites with a high content of Al- and Fe-rich montmorillonites were selected. The work revealed effects of interlayer modification, leaching of octahedral cations, changes of the grain size distribution, specific surface area and weakening of surface basicity. It was also shown that temperature has a stronger effect on the structural transformation of montmorillonite than acid concentration and treatment duration. Formation of Al hydroxy-interlayered (HI) layers was observed due to the treatment with the nitric acid of lower concentration (1 M). The effect of a higher concentration at the same treatment duration and temperature leads to a more intensive leaching of Al from the octahedral sheets and protonation of the interlayer, which prevents the formation of Al hydroxy-interlayered (HI) layers. CO 2 desorption after the nitric acid treatment decreases significantly, maintaining a relatively high value only when the conditions allow the interlayer to be protonated. Modification of structural and adsorption characteristics due to the acid treatment can be used to simulate modification of the engineered barriers' properties for a long-term operation in the disposal of radioactive and toxic wastes.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Titolo:||The influence of acid modification on the structure of montmorillonites and surface properties of bentonites|
|Rivista:||APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2019.02.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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