This article investigates how the ownership of firms (affiliates of foreign multina- tional firms, or uni-national firms) affects their internal workforce composition. We consider this issue empirically by adopting a novel database on the workforce com- position of companies operating in the manufacturing industry in north-east Italy. The workforce composition (in terms of skill level, gender and the less investigated characteristics of age and nationality) of affiliates of foreign multinational enter- prises (FMNs) are compared with a counterfactual of uni-national firms, constructed using propensity score matching. Consistent with previous studies, the results report that FMNs recruit a larger number of highly-skilled workers. Our main findings show that FMNs employ a lower number of foreign and less experienced (young) workers. The employment of native and more experienced workers in FMNs seems to suggest that foreign companies use domestic ‘inherited’ stock of manufactur- ing knowledge and skills. By using this stock, they contribute to sustaining its development.
Mariachiara Barzotto (Corresponding)
Giancarlo Corò (Corresponding)
|Titolo:||Ownership and workforce composition: a counterfactual analysis of foreign multinationals and Italian uni‐national firms|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |