In the last decade, underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) have attracted a lot of attention from the research community thanks to their wide range of applications that include seabed mining, military and environmental monitoring. With respect to terrestrial networks, UWSNs pose new research challenges such as the three-dimensional node deployment and the use of acoustic signals. Despite the large number of routing protocols that have been developed for UWSNs, there are very few analytical results that study their optimal configurations given the system’s parameters (density of the nodes, frequency of transmission, etc.). In this paper, we make one of the first steps to cover this gap. We study an abstraction of an opportunistic routing protocol and derive its optimal working conditions based on the network characteristics. Specifically, we prove that using a depth threshold, i.e., the minimum length of one transmission hop to the surface, is crucial for the optimality of opportunistic protocols and we give a numerical method to compute it. Moreover, we show that there is a critical depth threshold above which no packet can be transmitted successfully to the surface sinks in large networks, which further highlights the importance of properly configuring the routing protocol. We discuss the implications of our results and validate them by means of stochastic simulations on NS3.

On the optimality of opportunistic routing protocols for underwater sensor networks

Torsello, Andrea;Marin, Andrea;
2018-01-01

Abstract

In the last decade, underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) have attracted a lot of attention from the research community thanks to their wide range of applications that include seabed mining, military and environmental monitoring. With respect to terrestrial networks, UWSNs pose new research challenges such as the three-dimensional node deployment and the use of acoustic signals. Despite the large number of routing protocols that have been developed for UWSNs, there are very few analytical results that study their optimal configurations given the system’s parameters (density of the nodes, frequency of transmission, etc.). In this paper, we make one of the first steps to cover this gap. We study an abstraction of an opportunistic routing protocol and derive its optimal working conditions based on the network characteristics. Specifically, we prove that using a depth threshold, i.e., the minimum length of one transmission hop to the surface, is crucial for the optimality of opportunistic protocols and we give a numerical method to compute it. Moreover, we show that there is a critical depth threshold above which no packet can be transmitted successfully to the surface sinks in large networks, which further highlights the importance of properly configuring the routing protocol. We discuss the implications of our results and validate them by means of stochastic simulations on NS3.
MSWiM 2018 - Proceedings of the 21st ACM International Conference on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3710482
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