This paper presents a new approach for the challenging problem of geo-localization using image matching in a structured database of city-wide reference images with known GPS coordinates. We cast the geo-localization as a clustering problem of local image features. Akin to existing approaches to the problem, our framework builds on low-level features which allow local matching between images. For each local feature in the query image, we find its approximate nearest neighbors in the reference set. Next, we cluster the features from reference images using Dominant Set clustering, which affords several advantages over existing approaches. First, it permits variable number of nodes in the cluster, which we use to dynamically select the number of nearest neighbors for each query feature based on its discrimination value. Second, this approach is several orders of magnitude faster than existing approaches. Thus, we obtain multiple clusters (different local maximizers) and obtain a robust final solution to the problem using multiple weak solutions through constrained Dominant Set clustering on global image features, where we enforce the constraint that the query image must be included in the cluster. This second level of clustering also bypasses heuristic approaches to voting and selecting the reference image that matches to the query. We evaluate the proposed framework on an existing dataset of 102k street view images as well as a new larger dataset of 300k images, and show that it outperforms the state-of-the-art by 20 and 7 percent, respectively, on the two datasets.
|Titolo:||Large-Scale Image Geo-Localization Using Dominant Sets|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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|PAMI 2019.pdf||Versione dell'editore||Accesso chiuso-personale||Riservato|