The skew-normal model is a class of distributions that extends the Gaussian family by including a skewness parameter. This model presents some inferential problems linked to the estimation of the skewness parameter. In particular its maximum likelihood estimator can be infinite especially for moderate sample sizes and is not clear how to calculate confidence intervals for this parameter. In this work, we show how these inferential problems can be solved if we are interested in the distribution of extreme statistics of two random variables with joint normal distribution. Such situations are not uncommon in applications, especially in medical and environmental contexts, where it can be relevant to estimate the distribution of extreme statistics. A theoretical result, found by Loperfido [7], proves that such extreme statistics have a skew-normal distribution with skewness parameter that can be expressed as a function of the correlation coefficient between the two initial variables. It is then possible, using some theoretical results involving the correlation coefficient, to find approximate confidence intervals for the parameter of skewness. These theoretical intervals are then compared with parametric bootstrap intervals by means of a simulation study. Two applications are given using real data.

### Large sample confidence intervals for the skewness parameter of the skew-normal distribution based on Fisher's transformation

#### Abstract

The skew-normal model is a class of distributions that extends the Gaussian family by including a skewness parameter. This model presents some inferential problems linked to the estimation of the skewness parameter. In particular its maximum likelihood estimator can be infinite especially for moderate sample sizes and is not clear how to calculate confidence intervals for this parameter. In this work, we show how these inferential problems can be solved if we are interested in the distribution of extreme statistics of two random variables with joint normal distribution. Such situations are not uncommon in applications, especially in medical and environmental contexts, where it can be relevant to estimate the distribution of extreme statistics. A theoretical result, found by Loperfido [7], proves that such extreme statistics have a skew-normal distribution with skewness parameter that can be expressed as a function of the correlation coefficient between the two initial variables. It is then possible, using some theoretical results involving the correlation coefficient, to find approximate confidence intervals for the parameter of skewness. These theoretical intervals are then compared with parametric bootstrap intervals by means of a simulation study. Two applications are given using real data.
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2012
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3703408`