We report a facile, inexpensive and green method for the preparation of Pd nanoparticles in aqueous medium stabilized by anionic sulfonated surfactants sodium 1-dodecanesulfonate 1a, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate 1b, dioctyl sulfosuccinate sodium salt 1c and poly(ethylene glycol) 4-nonylphenyl-3-sulfopropyl ether potassium salt 1d simply obtained by stirring aqueous solutions of Pd(OAc)2 with the commercial anionic surfactants further treated under hydrogen atmosphere for variable times. The aqueous Pd nanoparticles solutions were tested in the selective hydrogenation reactions of aryl-alcohols, -aldehydes and -ketones leading to complete conversion to the deoxygenated products even in the absence of strong Brønsted acids in the reduction of aromatic aldehydes and ketones, in the controlled semi-hydrogenation of alkynes leading to alkenes and in the efficient hydro-dechlorination of aromatic substrates. In all cases the micellar media were crucial to stabilize the metal nanoparticles, to dissolve substrates, to steer product selectivity and to enable recycling. What is interesting is also that a benchmark catalyst like Pd/C can be often surpassed in activity and/or selectivity in the reactions tested by simply switching to the appropriate commercially available surfactant, thereby providing an easy to use, flexible and practical catalytic system capable of efficiently addressing a variety of synthetically significant hydrogenation reactions.

Selective Hydrogenations and Dechlorinations in Water Mediated by Anionic Surfactant Stabilized Pd Nanoparticles

La Sorella, Giorgio;Sperni, Laura;Canton, Patrizia;Fabris, Fabrizio;Strukul, Giorgio;Scarso, Alessandro
2018-01-01

Abstract

We report a facile, inexpensive and green method for the preparation of Pd nanoparticles in aqueous medium stabilized by anionic sulfonated surfactants sodium 1-dodecanesulfonate 1a, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate 1b, dioctyl sulfosuccinate sodium salt 1c and poly(ethylene glycol) 4-nonylphenyl-3-sulfopropyl ether potassium salt 1d simply obtained by stirring aqueous solutions of Pd(OAc)2 with the commercial anionic surfactants further treated under hydrogen atmosphere for variable times. The aqueous Pd nanoparticles solutions were tested in the selective hydrogenation reactions of aryl-alcohols, -aldehydes and -ketones leading to complete conversion to the deoxygenated products even in the absence of strong Brønsted acids in the reduction of aromatic aldehydes and ketones, in the controlled semi-hydrogenation of alkynes leading to alkenes and in the efficient hydro-dechlorination of aromatic substrates. In all cases the micellar media were crucial to stabilize the metal nanoparticles, to dissolve substrates, to steer product selectivity and to enable recycling. What is interesting is also that a benchmark catalyst like Pd/C can be often surpassed in activity and/or selectivity in the reactions tested by simply switching to the appropriate commercially available surfactant, thereby providing an easy to use, flexible and practical catalytic system capable of efficiently addressing a variety of synthetically significant hydrogenation reactions.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2018JOC.pdf

Open Access dal 02/08/2021

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso chiuso-personale
Dimensione 1.73 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.73 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in ARCA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3701536
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 22
social impact