We propose two effective approaches to enhance the Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) efficiency from near-infrared excited upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs, namely, LiYF4:Yb3+,Tm3+) to CuInS2 quantum dots (QDs) upon engineering of the donor’s architecture. The study of the particles’ interaction highlighted a radiative nature of the energy transfer among the moieties under investigation when in solution. However, analyses performed on dry powders allowed observing clear evidence of a FRET mechanism. In particular, photoluminescence lifetime measurements showed that FRET efficiency could be effectively increased by both reducing the size of the UCNPs and directly controlling the distribution of the active ions throughout the donor’s volume, i.e., doping them only in the outer shell of a core/shell system. Both strategies resulted at least in a more than doubled FRET efficiency compared to larger core-only UCNPs. Obtained experimental values were compatible with those predicted from geometrical considerations on the active ions’ distribution over the UCNP volume. These results provide a concrete proof of the potential of a UCNP–QD FRET pair when the system is properly designed, hence setting a solid base for the development of robust and efficient all-inorganic probes for FRET-based assays.

We propose two effective approaches to enhance the Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) efficiency from near-infrared excited upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs, namely, LiYF4:Yb3+,Tm3+) to CuInS2 quantum dots (QDs) upon engineering of the donor's architecture. The study of the particles' interaction highlighted a radiative nature of the energy transfer among the moieties under investigation when in solution. However, analyses performed on dry powders allowed observing clear evidence of a FRET mechanism. In particular, photoluminescence lifetime measurements showed that FRET efficiency could be effectively increased by both reducing the size of the UCNPs and directly controlling the distribution of the active ions throughout the donor's volume, i.e., doping them only in the outer shell of a core/shell system. Both strategies resulted at least in a more than doubled FRET efficiency compared to larger core-only UCNPs. Obtained experimental values were compatible with those predicted from geometrical considerations on the active ions' distribution over the UCNP volume. These results provide a concrete proof of the potential of a UCNP-QD FRET pair when the system is properly designed, hence setting a solid base for the development of robust and efficient all-inorganic probes for FRET-based assays.

Upconverting Nanoparticle to Quantum Dot Förster Resonance Energy Transfer: Increasing the Efficiency through Donor Design

Marin, Riccardo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Skripka, Artiom;Canton, Patrizia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2018-01-01

Abstract

We propose two effective approaches to enhance the Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) efficiency from near-infrared excited upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs, namely, LiYF4:Yb3+,Tm3+) to CuInS2 quantum dots (QDs) upon engineering of the donor’s architecture. The study of the particles’ interaction highlighted a radiative nature of the energy transfer among the moieties under investigation when in solution. However, analyses performed on dry powders allowed observing clear evidence of a FRET mechanism. In particular, photoluminescence lifetime measurements showed that FRET efficiency could be effectively increased by both reducing the size of the UCNPs and directly controlling the distribution of the active ions throughout the donor’s volume, i.e., doping them only in the outer shell of a core/shell system. Both strategies resulted at least in a more than doubled FRET efficiency compared to larger core-only UCNPs. Obtained experimental values were compatible with those predicted from geometrical considerations on the active ions’ distribution over the UCNP volume. These results provide a concrete proof of the potential of a UCNP–QD FRET pair when the system is properly designed, hence setting a solid base for the development of robust and efficient all-inorganic probes for FRET-based assays.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3700236
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