Diiron µ‐aminocarbyne compounds, 1a–e, are prepared in two steps from Fe2Cp2(CO)4, negating the need for difficult purification procedures of intermediate species; they are efficiently isolated by alumina chromatography. Minor amounts of µ‐aminocarbyne aryl isocyanide compounds, 2a–c, are obtained as side products. The structures of the cations in 1a,c,e are calculated using DFT; the carbyne carbon is generally predicted to be the thermodynamic site of hydride addition, in agreement with a previous experimental finding concerning 1a. Accordingly, the reaction of 1e with NaBH4 affords a bridging aminocarbene complex, 4, in 85 % yield. Otherwise, the reaction of 1c with NaBH4 yields the aminocarbyne–cyclopentadiene derivative 3 (70 %), presumably as a consequence of the steric protection exerted by the xylyl–methyl groups towards the carbyne moiety. The sequential treatment of 1a,c with Li2CuCNMe2 and MeSO3CF3 affords 5a,b, comprising both aminocarbyne and alkoxycarbene ligands. In accordance with DFT calculations, the alkoxycarbene moiety in 5a is the most favourable site for nucleophilic attack. Thus, the reactions of 5a with NH2R (R = Et, iPr) and NBu4CN, respectively, give the aminocarbyne/aminocarbene complexes, 6a,b, and the aminocarbyne‐α‐cyanoalkyl 7. All the products are fully characterized by spectroscopic and analytical methods; moreover, the structures of 1a, 1d, 6a and 7 are elucidated by single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction studies.

Diiron µ‐aminocarbyne compounds, 1a–e, are prepared in two steps from Fe2Cp2(CO)4, negating the need for difficult purification procedures of intermediate species; they are efficiently isolated by alumina chromatography. Minor amounts of µ‐aminocarbyne aryl isocyanide compounds, 2a–c, are obtained as side products. The structures of the cations in 1a,c,e are calculated using DFT; the carbyne carbon is generally predicted to be the thermodynamic site of hydride addition, in agreement with a previous experimental finding concerning 1a. Accordingly, the reaction of 1e with NaBH4 affords a bridging aminocarbene complex, 4, in 85 % yield. Otherwise, the reaction of 1c with NaBH4 yields the aminocarbyne–cyclopentadiene derivative 3 (70 %), presumably as a consequence of the steric protection exerted by the xylyl–methyl groups towards the carbyne moiety. The sequential treatment of 1a,c with Li2CuCNMe2 and MeSO3CF3 affords 5a,b, comprising both aminocarbyne and alkoxycarbene ligands. In accordance with DFT calculations, the alkoxycarbene moiety in 5a is the most favourable site for nucleophilic attack. Thus, the reactions of 5a with NH2R (R = Et, iPr) and NBu4CN, respectively, give the aminocarbyne/aminocarbene complexes, 6a,b, and the aminocarbyne‐α‐cyanoalkyl 7. All the products are fully characterized by spectroscopic and analytical methods; moreover, the structures of 1a, 1d, 6a and 7 are elucidated by single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction studies.

Regioselective Nucleophilic Additions to Diiron Carbonyl Complexes Containing a Bridging Aminocarbyne Ligand: A Synthetic, Crystallographic and DFT Study

M. Bortoluzzi;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Diiron µ‐aminocarbyne compounds, 1a–e, are prepared in two steps from Fe2Cp2(CO)4, negating the need for difficult purification procedures of intermediate species; they are efficiently isolated by alumina chromatography. Minor amounts of µ‐aminocarbyne aryl isocyanide compounds, 2a–c, are obtained as side products. The structures of the cations in 1a,c,e are calculated using DFT; the carbyne carbon is generally predicted to be the thermodynamic site of hydride addition, in agreement with a previous experimental finding concerning 1a. Accordingly, the reaction of 1e with NaBH4 affords a bridging aminocarbene complex, 4, in 85 % yield. Otherwise, the reaction of 1c with NaBH4 yields the aminocarbyne–cyclopentadiene derivative 3 (70 %), presumably as a consequence of the steric protection exerted by the xylyl–methyl groups towards the carbyne moiety. The sequential treatment of 1a,c with Li2CuCNMe2 and MeSO3CF3 affords 5a,b, comprising both aminocarbyne and alkoxycarbene ligands. In accordance with DFT calculations, the alkoxycarbene moiety in 5a is the most favourable site for nucleophilic attack. Thus, the reactions of 5a with NH2R (R = Et, iPr) and NBu4CN, respectively, give the aminocarbyne/aminocarbene complexes, 6a,b, and the aminocarbyne‐α‐cyanoalkyl 7. All the products are fully characterized by spectroscopic and analytical methods; moreover, the structures of 1a, 1d, 6a and 7 are elucidated by single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3697040
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