The conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2), an abundant renewable carbon reagent, into chemicals of academic and industrial interest is of imminent importance to create a higher degree of sustainability in chemical processing and production. Recent progress in this field is characterised by a plethora of organic molecules able to mediate the conversion of suitable substrates in the presence of CO2 into a variety of value-added commodities with advantageous features combining cost-effectiveness, metal-free transformations and general substrate activation profiles. In this review, the latest developments in the field of CO2 catalysis are discussed with a focus on organo-mediated conversions and their increasing importance in serving as practicable alternatives for metal-based processes. Also a critical assessment of the state-of-the-art methods is presented with attention to those features that need further development to increase the usefulness of organocatalysis in the production of organic molecules of potential commercial interest.

Sustainable conversion of carbon dioxide: The advent of organocatalysis

Fiorani, Giulia;
2015-01-01

Abstract

The conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2), an abundant renewable carbon reagent, into chemicals of academic and industrial interest is of imminent importance to create a higher degree of sustainability in chemical processing and production. Recent progress in this field is characterised by a plethora of organic molecules able to mediate the conversion of suitable substrates in the presence of CO2 into a variety of value-added commodities with advantageous features combining cost-effectiveness, metal-free transformations and general substrate activation profiles. In this review, the latest developments in the field of CO2 catalysis are discussed with a focus on organo-mediated conversions and their increasing importance in serving as practicable alternatives for metal-based processes. Also a critical assessment of the state-of-the-art methods is presented with attention to those features that need further development to increase the usefulness of organocatalysis in the production of organic molecules of potential commercial interest.
2015
17
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Descrizione: Published Article 25mar20
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3694397
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