The challenging carbonylation of propargyl alcohol is effectively catalyzed by Pd(OAc)2 in combination with diphenyl-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)phosphine and methanesulfonic acid. In dichloroethane at 20–50 ◦C, the reaction affords with almost complete regioselectivity alkyl 2-(hydroxymethyl)acrylates. Turnover frequency numbers (TOF) of up to 450 h−1 can be achieved working at 50 ◦C, while a maximum turnover number (TON) of about 730 is obtained at 30 ◦C. The catalyst longevity is limited because the carbonylation product reacts with the phosphorus atom of the ligand to give a quaternary phosphonium salt. This reaction leads to deactivation of the catalyst and eventually to palladium black formation.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Titolo:||New insights into the alkoxycarbonylation of propargyl alcohol|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcat.2017.09.029|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |