This paper deals with Ágnes Heller's suggestion, in A Theory of Modernity (1999), to ascribe to science a central role in the ongoing development of modernity. As we shall argue, this is not merely a historical issue but, rather, a historical-philosophical one that entails the problem of defining modernity, science and technology and their mutual interconnections. As for modernity, according to Heller, it is a free developmental project without any foundations other than freedom itself. In particular, the evolution of science and technology is one of its main developmental tendencies. Science, she argues, has become the dominant world explanation while technological thought is the corresponding dominant (but not unique) imaginary institution. Her attempt to isolate the essential cultural features of science-technology owes much to Habermas's analyses of the 1960s on the technocratic developments of contemporary societies legitimized through an ideological employment of science. Like Habermas, Heller embraces an instrumental and problem-solving conception of technology and ‘normal’ science which appears questionable, however, in the light of conclusions on the intrinsic creativity of the science-technology interface deriving from historical epistemology and an externalist history of science. Considerations and examples derived from the recent agenda of historical epistemology could integrate Heller's philosophical and cultural analysis of the role of science in modernity while challenging some of her assumptions. © 2014, SAGE Publications. All rights reserved.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||The Logic of Science and Technology as a Developmental Tendency of Modernity|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0725513614555567|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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