The dependence on the temperature of the population of the i_th state, P_i, in the Boltzmann distribution is analyzed by studying its derivative with respect to the temperature, T. A simple expression is found, involving P_i, the energy of the state, E_i, and the average energy, ⟨E⟩. This relation is completely general (it has the same form in all the thermodynamic ensembles), and it has a relevant didactic content, given that it predicts the qualitative variation of P_i with T even in complex systems. The derivation of this relation, the discussion of its properties, and its application to simple problems is appropriate for a statistical thermodynamics course in the chemistry curriculum.

Dependence of the population on the temperature in the Boltzmann distribution: a simple relation involving the average energy

DALLO, FEDERICO;
2013-01-01

Abstract

The dependence on the temperature of the population of the i_th state, P_i, in the Boltzmann distribution is analyzed by studying its derivative with respect to the temperature, T. A simple expression is found, involving P_i, the energy of the state, E_i, and the average energy, ⟨E⟩. This relation is completely general (it has the same form in all the thermodynamic ensembles), and it has a relevant didactic content, given that it predicts the qualitative variation of P_i with T even in complex systems. The derivation of this relation, the discussion of its properties, and its application to simple problems is appropriate for a statistical thermodynamics course in the chemistry curriculum.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3688714
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