tThe paper deals with the kinetics of Bamberger rearrangement of N-phenylhydroxylamine to 4-aminophenol in acetonitrile as a solvent catalyzed by TFA. The influence of the water is also investigatedbeing the rearranging moiety in the mechanism. It is evident that the presence of water depresses the rateof the rearrangement suggesting the rate-determining step does not involve water as the key reagent. Inacetonitrile, at lower temperature than that of reaction, we evidence the formation of a PHA-TFA complex,and its equilibrium has been measured between 288 K and 298 K. We observe also the addition of waterdestroys this complex but the ternary equilibrium PHA, water and TFA cannot easily measured because ofthe complex solvent effect on the Uv–vis and NMR signals. Starting from this evidence, we have proposeda kinetic model, which takes into account all the equilibria, and the results of the fitting gives reliablethermodynamic and kinetic parameters of the entire process. Finally, we have suggested that the PHA-TFA complex is the key intermediate, which determines the regioselectivity of the rearrangement. In fact,preliminary quantum chemistry calculation have shown that the TFA interaction with the NHOH groupcauses the hindering of the ortho position, thus favoring the attack of water to the para one.
|Titolo:||Kinetics and mechanistic study of the Bamberger rearrangement of N-phenylhydroxylamine to 4-aminophenol in acetonitrile-trifluoroacetic acid: A substrate acid complex as para selectivity driver|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
File in questo prodotto:
|2016manuscript pre print.pdf||Articolo in pre-print||Documento in Pre-print||Accesso chiuso-personale||Riservato|