This paper contributes to the debate on the 'local governance turn' by considering a recent immigration context as is the Italian case. We analyse integration policies and governance processes in three regions: Lombardy, Piedmont and Emilia-Romagna. The aim to shed new light on the multi-level governance (MLG) relations that shape immigrant integration policies, taking into account the interdependencies of the vertical and horizontal dimensions of MLG. The analysis points out the emergence of different MLG arrangements and highlights the relevance of institutional and organisational factors in accounting for local differentiation. General traditions and established public/NGOs relations in the social policy field, the internal organisation of the regional administration (specialised staff versus general bureaucratic apparatus) and the role of ideology appear to make a difference. The implications of this analysis for MLG scholarship are discussed, emphasising the need for a middle range theory approach. Points for practitioners: MLG is considered by policy scholars as a promising approach to make sense of increasingly complex policy-making processes, implying the interaction between different levels of government and between public and non-public actors. By considering the politically sensitive immigrant integration issue, this article attempts to point out how MLG relations concretely take shape at the regional level in Italy, and which factors account for regional differentiation. Our study suggests that contextual and organisational factors are particularly relevant, i.e. social policy traditions, the regions’ internal organisation and the individual civil servants' attitudes. Nevertheless, politics should also be carefully taken into account.
|Titolo:||Immigrant integration policy-making in Italy. Regional policies in a multi-level governance perspective|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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