This paper presents the results of the compositional study of 29 samples of mortar from the so-called Garum Shop (I, 12, 8) at Pompeii in Southern Italy. The characterization of the samples yielded information on the raw materials used in the mixtures, the production technology of mortars, and the building phases. It was carried out through polarized optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, microanalysis energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopic microanalysis, and image analysis through the JMicroVision software. The resultant data show great compositional homogeneity among the samples, suggesting the presence of a principal construction phase, probably associated with the first phase of the house. Apart from this main construction phase, there are some samples that show differences related either to their different function or to the fact that they come from different construction phases or restoration works. The raw materials used are related to the geology of the area and are fully compatible with the pyroclastic deposits of Vesuvius.

Archaeometric Study of Mortars from the Garum Shop at Pompeii, Campania, Italy

COTTICA, Daniela;
2015

Abstract

This paper presents the results of the compositional study of 29 samples of mortar from the so-called Garum Shop (I, 12, 8) at Pompeii in Southern Italy. The characterization of the samples yielded information on the raw materials used in the mixtures, the production technology of mortars, and the building phases. It was carried out through polarized optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, microanalysis energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopic microanalysis, and image analysis through the JMicroVision software. The resultant data show great compositional homogeneity among the samples, suggesting the presence of a principal construction phase, probably associated with the first phase of the house. Apart from this main construction phase, there are some samples that show differences related either to their different function or to the fact that they come from different construction phases or restoration works. The raw materials used are related to the geology of the area and are fully compatible with the pyroclastic deposits of Vesuvius.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3637712
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